The Qatar Football Association (Arabic: الاتحاد القطري لكرة القدم, romanized: al-Ittiḥād al-Qaṭariyy li-Kurat al-Qadam) is the governing body of football in Qatar.
Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Ahmed Al-Thani is currently the president of the Association. [ 2 ]
The advent of football at Qatar dates back to the year of 1948, accompanied by the arrival of oil companies. The new game’s popularity expanded immediately, which led to the establishment of Al Najah as the country’s first football club in 1950. Interest in football developed rapidly in the 1950s. Under the supervision of Qatar Oil Company (today QatarEnergy), the first football tournament ever in Qatar was held at the city of Dukhan. Despite the participation of several Doha teams – including Al Najah – host team Dukhan managed to win the 1951 Izzadeen tournament. Qatar Oil Company replaced the old competition with a new one, Pukett Cup kicked off during the 1957 season, Al Najah went on to win the cup for the first time in their history. The Qatar Football Association (QFA) was founded in 1960 to govern football in Qatar and became a member of FIFA in 1963. In 1967, it became a member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). The Association organized the first Qatar League in 1972–73.
Whether locally or regionally, rules và regulations were not very restrictive about players moving from one club béo another, just a resignation letter và 10 Indian rupees were required of the player who wished béo move. This undemanding system was in effect until the year 1962. The first venue with a grass pitch in the Gulf region was the Doha Stadium, which was inaugurated in 1962. [ tám ] Qatar built the Khalifa International Stadium in the 1970 s mập serve as the country’s iconic sports stadium. From 2003 lớn 2017, the stadium was refurbished & expanded. The Emir Cup final was held there in 2017. In 2022 it will host World Cup matches. [ 9 ]In 1981, Qatar’s national youth nhóm took part in the FIFA Junior World Cup in nước Australia, surprisingly beating Brazil bốn – ba in the quarterfinals và England 2 – một in the semifinals. The final was lost 0 – 4 against West Germany. [ 10 ]Qatar’s football nhóm participated in the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. [ 11 ]In 1988 & 2011, Qatar hosted the ae.888
Asian Cup, which is the biggest football sự kiện on the continent. [ 12 ] [ 13 ]Qatar hosted the Gulf Cup tournament in 1976, 1992 & 2004, winning the biggest tournament for national teams in the region in 1992 và 2004. In năm trước, Qatar lifted the trophy for the third giây phút after beating host Saudi Arabia in the final. [ 14 ]From 13 – 28 April 1995, the 10 th FIFA World Youth Championship was held in Doha, which was won by Argentina. [ 15 ]In 2019 và 2020, Qatar hosted the FIFA Club World Cup. [ 16 ]From 30 November bự 18 December 2021, Qatar hosted the 2021 FIFA Arab Cup. Sixteen Arab teams competed in stadiums of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] In the semifinals, Qatar lost mập eventual champion Algeria but defeated Egypt 5-4 on penalties in the ba rd place playoff béo secure the third place in the Arab Cup. [ 19 ]Qatar also hosted the 2022 FIFA World Cup. The tournament was held from 20 November Khủng 18 December 2022. [ 20 ] [ 21 ] However they lost all ba nhóm stage matches ( against Ecuador, Senegal & the Netherlands, respectively ) và became the first nhóm béo be eliminated from the World Cup .The 2023 AFC Asian Cup will be held in Qatar. [ 22 ] [ 23 ]
Qatar Stars League ( Also known as QNB Stars League )
- The QSL is the highest football league in Qatar and consists of 12 teams.
Qatar Second Division ( Also known as Qatargas League )
- The QSD is the second highest football league in Qatar and consists of 8 teams.
Qatar Amateur League
- The QAL was established in 2013 to provide amateur teams with the opportunity to compete against each other in an official competition. The number of participating team varies every year.
- The University League is a knockout tournament which was established in 2013 by the Supreme Committee of Delivery and Legacy. This gives university and college students the opportunity to develop their football skills.
- The School League is a knockout tournament which was also established in 2013, with the aim to promote young people’s interest in sports.
- The league was established in 2012 to promote integration and involve the local community. It is played in a knockout system.
- The community league organized by QSL, with four adult divisions, two leagues for boys and two leagues for girls, was established by the supreme committee in 2016.
Qatar Futsal League
- The Qatar Futsal League was founded in 2007 and consists of 10 teams. The winner of the league automatically qualifies for the AFC Futsal Club Championship.
- Emir of Qatar Cup – The Emir Cup was founded in 1972 and is the biggest Tournament in Qatar.
- Sheikh Jassim Cup – The Sheikh Jassim Cup was founded in 1977 and takes place every year at the beginning of the season.
- Qatar Cup – The Qatar Cup was founded in 1994 and is played by the top four QSL teams at the end of each season.
- Qatari Stars Cup – The Ooredoo Cup was founded in 2009. The premier league teams play in a knockout competition. Teams are divided into two groups and are allowed to field both U19 and U23 players.
- Qatar FA Cup – The tournament was announced right after the 2020-21 Qatar Stars League ended, were the bottom 8 teams from the Qatar Stars League and the entire Qatari Second Division participate.
• Reserve League ( Qatar )
Training camps và academy
Aspire Zone – The Aspire Zone in Doha, Qatar, is a popular training camp for European football clubs, where teams such as Bayern Munich, PSV Eindhoven, FC Red Bull Salzburg, AFC Ajax và FC Zenit prepare for the upcoming matches in their leagues. [ 34 ]Aspire Academy – Located in the Aspire Zone, the sports academy was founded in 2004 & supports Qatari athletes. [ 35 ]Training grounds for the 2022 FIFA World Cup – As 41 training grounds are created, each national đội will have its own facility with FIFA-standard lightning systems & two natural grass pitches identical bự the grass pitches at each of the eight World Cup stadiums. [ 36 ]
- As of 6 November 2022
The Qatari national đội was known Khủng field naturalized players from foreign nations. [ 39 ] [ 40 ] Examples include Sebastián Soria và Luiz Martin Carlos Júnior. In 2004, the Qatar FA offered incentives béo the uncapped Brazilian trio of Aílton, Dedé và Leandro bự switch allegiance phệ the Gulf state. FIFA intervened và blocked the moves, tightening international eligibility requirements in the process. [ 41 ] [ 42 ]Mohammed bin Hammam, Chairman of the Qatar Football Association from February 1992 phệ 1996, has also been involved in a string of controversies. On 23 July 2011, the FIFA Ethics Committee banned Bin Hammam for life from all FIFA & football related activities after being found guilty of bribery. [ 43 ] Although the ban was annulled a year later, Bin Hamman was given a second ban in December 2012 for “ conflicts of interest ” that arose while he was president of the Asian Football Confederation. [ 44 ] [ 45 ]In December năm trước, the Qatar Football Association was criticized for hiring migrant workers lớn fill their empty stadiums in the Qatar Stars League, paying them one dollar an hour. [ 46 ] The spread of paid fans was cited as a “ significant reason ” for low attendance rates among Qatari residents. Shortly after condemnation, the nation implement a mới nhất minimum wage in 2021 of 1,000 Qatari riyals a month, or USD 275. Migrant workers are guaranteed a minimum wage of 750 Qatari riyals per month, which is the equivalent of approximately USD 206 each month. In May 2021, Qatari Ministerial Decree 17 was issued, providing heat căng thẳng protection for those whose work must be done outdoors. Finally, a number of reforms aimed at protecting wage payment, establishing the Workers Support và Insurance Fund, were introduced. [ 47 ]On 6 September năm nay, FIFA Ethics Committee’s adjudicatory chamber opened proceedings against Qatar Football Association’s Vice-president Saoud Al-Mohannadi. [ 48 ] Al-Mohannadi was banned from running in elections for a seat in the FIFA Council later that month. [ 49 ] On 16 November năm nay, FIFA Ethics Committee banned Al Mohannadi for one year và fined him 20,000 Swiss Francs because he ” did not co-operate with the investigatory chamber in the proceedings against a third các buổi tiệc nhỏ “. [ 50 ]
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