What are Exclusive Powers? | Exclusive Powers of State Governments Examples – Video & Lesson Transcript | https://ontopwiki.com

Video Transcript

Definition of Exclusive Powers

In life, there are some things that adults can do that kids can not. Drink alcoholic beverages, for exemplar. But besides, there are some things that only kids can do and adults can not, like take wholly summers off and chute about in a bouncing palace. All fun aside, this is a good analogy to the direction in which the american english government system works. There are certain powers that only the state governments have ( reserved powers ), and there are certain powers that lone the home politics has ( exclusive powers ). The Constitution of the United States spells out the single powers of the federal government. These are powers that only the federal government can exercise and not the states. These powers include :

  • The right to levy tariffs on imports and exports
  • The right to regulate trade between the United States and other countries and the trade between states
  • The right to coin money
  • The right to maintain armed forces
  • The right to declare war
  • The right to establish and maintain the postal system
  • The right to establish federal courts
  • The right to control immigration processes

Right to Levy Tariffs on Imports & Exports

inaugural, let ‘s talk about levy tariffs on imports and exports. An import is a good made in a different state and brought into our state. According to the Constitution, the federal government has the sole duty of taxing these goods. It makes sense for this power to be single to the federal government. After all, how could we trade with early countries if the tax on Chiquita banana from Central America was 20 cents in Florida, but 40 cents in Minnesota ? Confusion would most decidedly result. so, the Framers of the Constitution did us a favor and intelligibly specified that this was an exclusive right of the national government. A state government, however, can charge a tax to cover the inspection of incoming goods, but that is the lone thing that they can very tax .

Right to Regulate International & Interstate Commerce

One very crucial good of the national government is the right to regulate international and interstate commerce. It ‘s very crucial that external commerce be controlled by the national government and not states. For one, states could undermine international foreign policy. Take the example of Cuba. When the United States had a deal embargo against Cuba, that meant that we did n’t do any business with Cuba. How would we look if one of our states, Louisiana, for example, just tried to ignore that law and traded with Cuba anyhow ? That would undermine the union government. Another responsibility is the justly to regulate interstate department of commerce. This article was put into the Constitution to avoid conflicts between states that might threaten the union. How would the area look if a department of state like California was charging more for its grapes to some states than others ? The country could break out into chaos. For this reason, the Founders knew that the federal government had to control interstate department of commerce .

Right to Coin Money

The union politics besides has the single ability to coin money. Can you imagine going from Illinois to Missouri and having to change your money the way you do when you go to another country ? The Framers of the Constitution knew that if the newfangled country was to work, they would have to create a uniform mint organization. For this reason, they gave the federal government the single proper to coin money.

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Right to Declare War & Maintain Armed Forces

Another exclusive baron is the correct to declare war and keep armed forces. What if Alaskans do n’t like the room that canadian fishermen are fishing in international waters ? Could Alaska declare war on Canada ? I know this sounds silly, but this is why the exclusive ability to declare war lies with the national government. International relations, frankincense, lie entirely within the domain of the federal government .
similarly, the army is strictly under the control of the federal politics and specifically the president. States can not build their own armies, but they can maintain their own militia, more normally known nowadays as national guards. The National Guard, however, is placid ultimately controlled by the president of the united states, as he can call them up in times of war .

Right to Establish a Postal System

The correctly to establish a postal system is another of the federal politics ‘s single powers. several people think that in this day and old age of electronic chain mail, there is no need for an antediluvian postal system. What these people do n’t realize is that the postal military service is actually mandated in the Constitution. Congress has to create some organization to allow for the communication among the unlike states. Besides, the postal serve today is wholly paid based on postage, so there is no government taxes supporting it. After all, what would Christmas be like without the annual wait in line at the post office ? You may wonder, then, if this is an exclusive world power of the federal government, why are there all these unlike postal carriers ? The answer is that companies like FedEx and UPS are private carriers, which, of course, are in no direction barred by the Constitution .

Right To Establish Courts & Control Immigration Processes

The federal government besides has the single properly to establish lower federal judicial courts. therefore, the federal judicial system is wholly separate from the state system, and each does n’t interfere with the other. The federal courts can overturn a state rule if it somehow violates the Constitution.

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ultimately, the federal government has the exclusive exponent to control the immigration process. recently, respective border states have created undertaking forces seeking to increase security along the border to prevent undocumented immigrants from arriving. however, they are overreaching the bounds of their legal power because regulating immigration is a exponent exclusive to the federal government. Although these states contend that the federal government is not doing adequate to regulate immigration into the area, the reality is that the federal politics is the lone entity that can do so .

Lesson Summary

There are certain powers that only the state governments have ( reserved powers ), and there are certain powers that lone the national politics has ( exclusive powers ). The constitution of the United States spells out the exclusive powers of the federal government. These are powers that entirely the federal politics can exercise and not the states. These powers include :

  • The right to levy tariffs on imports and exports
  • The right to regulate trade between the United States and other countries and the trade between states
  • The right to coin money
  • The right to maintain armed forces
  • The right to declare war
  • The right to establish and maintain the postal system
  • The right to establish federal courts
  • The right to control immigration processes
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