Foreign object swallowed: First aid

Take flying action if person is choking on a swallowed object .By Mayo Clinic Staff

The ‘five-and-five’ approach

The 'five-and-five' approach

The ‘five-and-five’ approach

If a person is choking and can not talk, cry or laugh forcefully, the American Red Cross recommends a ‘five-and-five ‘ approach path to delivering first aid.

If you swallow a alien object, it will normally pass through your digestive organization uneventfully. But some objects can lodge in the pipe that connects your throat and abdomen ( esophagus ). If an object is stuck in your esophagus, you may need to have it removed, specially if it is :

  • A pointed object, which should be removed as quickly as possible to avoid further injury to the esophageal lining
  • A tiny watch- or calculator-type button battery, which can rapidly cause nearby tissue injury and should be removed from the esophagus without delay

If the person is able to cough forcefully, the person should keep cough. If the person is choking and can not talk, war cry or laugh forcefully, the Red Cross recommends a “ five-and-five ” approach path to delivering first help :

  • Give 5 back blows. Stand to the side and just behind a choking adult. For a child, kneel down behind. Place one arm across the person’s chest for support. Bend the person over at the waist so that the upper body is parallel with the ground. Deliver five separate back blows between the person’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.
  • Give 5 abdominal thrusts. Perform five abdominal thrusts (also known as the Heimlich maneuver).
  • Alternate between 5 blows and 5 thrusts until the blockage is dislodged.

If you ‘re the merely savior, perform back blows and abdominal thrusts before calling 911 or your local emergency count for help oneself. If another person is available, have that person call for help while you perform first help .
If the person who has swallowed an object becomes unconscious mind, lay the person on his or her bet on on the crunch. If you can see an object in the mouth, reach a finger in and sweep the object out. Be careful not to push it deeper into the air passage. If the object remains stuck and the person does n’t respond to your efforts, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( CPR ) .
The American Heart Association does not teach the back-blow technique, only the abdominal push procedures. It ‘s oklahoma not to use back blows if you have not learned the back-blow proficiency. Both approaches are satisfactory .

To perform abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich maneuver) on someone else

  • Stand behind the person. Place one foot slightly in front of the other for balance. Wrap your arms around the waist. Tip the person forward slightly. If a child is choking, kneel down behind the child.
  • Make a fist with one hand. Position it slightly above the person’s navel.
  • Grasp the fist with the other hand. Press hard into the abdomen with a quick, upward thrust — as if trying to lift the person up.
  • Perform between six and 10 abdominal thrusts until the blockage is dislodged.

A change interpretation of the technique is sometimes teach for consumption with people who are fraught or corpulent. The rescuer places his or her hand in the center of the breast to compress, rather than in the abdomen .

To perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself

How to perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) on yourself

How to perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) on yourself

How to perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) on yourself

To perform abdominal thrusts ( Heimlich tactic ) on yourself, place a fist slightly above your navel. Grasp your fist with the other hand and flex over a hard surface. Shove your fist inbound and up .
If you ‘re choking and alone, call 911 or your local emergency number immediately. You ca n’t perform second blows on yourself. But you can perform abdominal thrusts.

Read more: Events Timeline

  • Place a fist slightly above your navel.
  • Grasp your fist with the other hand and bend over a hard surface — a countertop or chair will do.
  • Shove your fist inward and upward.

To prepare yourself for these situations, learn the Heimlich maneuver and CPR in a certifiable first-aid train course .

There is a problem with information submitted for this request. Review/update the information highlighted below and resubmit the form .

From Mayo Clinic to your inbox

Sign up for dislodge, and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips and current health topics, like COVID-19, plus expertness on managing health .
ErrorEmail field is required
ErrorInclude a valid e-mail savoir-faire
To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which information is beneficial, we may combine your electronic mail and web site usage data with early information we have about you. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could include protected health information. If we combine this data with your protected health data, we will treat all of that data as protect health information and will only use or disclose that information as place forth in our notification of privacy practices. You may opt-out of electronic mail communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe yoke in the electronic mail .

Thank you for subscribing

Our Housecall e-newsletter will keep you up-to-date on the latest health data .

Sorry something went wrong with your subscription

Please, hear again in a couple of minutes

  1. Swallowed a button battery? National Capital Poison Center. Accessed Aug. 9, 2017.
  2. First Aid/CPR/AED Participant’s Manual. American Red Cross. Accessed Aug. 2, 2017.
  3. Choking (Heimlich maneuver). American College of Emergency Physicians. Accessed Aug. 2, 2017.
  4. Kleinman ME, et al. Part 5: Adult basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality — 2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2015;132(suppl):S414.
  5. Uyemura MC. Foreign body ingestion in children. American Family Physician. 2005;72:287.
  6. Tintinalli JE, et al. Resuscitation of children. In: Tintinalli’s Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. Accessed Aug. 2, 2017.
  7. Homme JL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 22, 2017.
reference :
Category : Finance

Post navigation

Leave a Comment

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *