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Psycho (novel) – Wikipedia

1959 novel by Robert Bloch

Psycho is a 1959 horror novel by American writer Robert Bloch. The novel tells the story of Norman Bates, a caretaker at an isolated motel who struggles under his domineering mother and becomes embroiled in a series of murders. The novel is considered Bloch’s most enduring work and one of the most influential horror books of the 20th century.[2]

The story was adapted into Alfred Hitchcock’s seminal 1960 film of the same name, and also loosely adapted into the Bates Motel television series (2013–2017). Bloch later wrote three sequels, which are unrelated to any of the film sequels.


Norman Bates, a middle-aged bachelor, is dominated by his moBig Sky Donno Actor
r, a mean-tempered, puritanical old woman who forbids him béo have a life outside of her. They run a small motel together in the town of Fairvale, but business has suffered since the state relocated the highway. In the middle of a heated argument between them, a customer arrives, a young woman named Mary Crane .Mary is on the run after impulsively stealing $ 40,000 from a client of the real estate company where she works. She stole the money so sánh her boyfriend, Sam Loomis, can pay off his debts & they can finally get married. Mary arrives at the Bates Motel after accidentally turning off the main highway. After checking in, she accepts Bates’s invitation mập have dinner with him at his house, an invitation that sends Mrs. Bates into a jealous rage ; she screams, ” I’ll kill the bitch ! ” và Mary overhears .During dinner, Mary gently suggests that Bates put his mother in a mental institution, but he denies there is anything wrong with her ; ” We all go a little mad sometimes, ” he says. Mary says goodnight & returns béo her room, resolving Khủng return the money so sánh she will not over up lượt thích Bates. Moments later, however, a figure resembling an old woman frightens Mary in the shower with a butcher knife, và then beheads her .Bates, who had passed out drunk after dinner, returns lớn the motel và finds Mary’s bloody corpse. He is instantly convinced his mother killed her. He briefly considers letting her go bự prison, but changes his mind after having a nightmare in which she sinks in quicksand, only bự turn into him as she goes under. His mother comes mập comfort him, và he decides phệ dispose of Mary’s body, belongings, & oto in the swamp, & go on with life as usual .Meanwhile, Mary’s sister, Lila, tells Sam of her sister’s disappearance. They are soon joined by Milton Arbogast, a private investigator hired by Mary’s trùm phệ retrieve the money. Sam và Lila agree béo let Arbogast lead the tìm kiếm for Mary. Arbogast eventually meets up with Bates, who says that Mary had left after one night ; when he asks lớn talk with his mother, Bates refuses. This arouses Arbogast’s suspicion, và he calls Lila & tells her that he is going phệ try mập talk mập Mrs. Bates. When he enters the house, the same mysterious figure who killed Mary ambushes him in the foyer, & kills him with a razor .

Sam and Lila go to Fairvale to look for Arbogast, and meet with the town sheriff, who tells them that Mrs. Bates has been dead for years, having committed suicide by poisoning her lover and herself. The young Norman had a nervous breakdown after finding them and was sent for a time to a mental institution. Sam and Lila go to the motel to investigate. Sam distracts Bates while Lila goes to get the sheriff—but she actually proceeds up to the house to investigate on her own. There she finds various books on occultism, abnormal psychology, metaphysics, and Marquis de Sade, in his bedroom. During a conversation with Sam, Bates says that his mother had only pretended to be dead, and had communicated with him while he was in the institution. Bates then tells Sam that Lila tricked him and went up to the house and that his mother was waiting for her. Bates knocks Sam unconscious with a liquor bottle that he has been drinking from. At the house, Lila is horrified to discover Mrs. Bates’ mummified corpse on the floor, in the fruit cellar. As she screams, a figure rushes into the room with a knife—Norman Bates, dressed in his mother’s clothes. Sam regains consciousness, enters the room and subdues Norman before he can harm Lila.

At the police station, Sam talks phệ a psychiatrist who had examined Bates, while the county highway crew is out dredging the swamp Khủng uncover the automobiles, revealing the bodies of Mary và Arbogast ; a truyền thông frenzy imagines countless additional victims phệ be uncovered if the swamp is further drained, but ” the newspaper writers didn’t have phệ foot the bill for such a project. ” Sam learns that Bates và his mother had lived together in a state of total codependence ever since his father deserted them when he was still a young child. Along the way, introverted, awkward, & filled with seething rage, Norman became a secret transvestite, impersonating his mother. A bookworm, he became fascinated with the occult, spiritualism, và Satanism. When his mother took a lover named Joe Considine, Bates went kết thúc the edge with jealousy và poisoned them both with strychnine, forging a suicide note in his mother’s handwriting. To suppress the guilt of matricide, he developed an alternate personality — his mother, who is as cruel & possessive as the real Mrs. Bates had been. He retrieved her corpse from the cemetery và preserved it &, whenever the illusion was threatened, would get drunk, dress in her clothes và speak Khủng himself in her voice. The ” Mother ” personality killed Mary because ” she ” was jealous of Norman feeling affection for another woman .

Bates is declared psychotic and put in a mental institution for life. Days later, the “Mother” personality completely takes over Bates’s mind; he virtually becomes his mother. “She” blames Norman for the murders, and resolved to stay quiet and still in order to show Norman’s doctors at the institution that she “wouldn’t even harm a fly.”


In November 1957, two years before Psycho was first published, Ed Gein was arrested in his hometown of Plainfield, Wisconsin for the murders of two women. When police searched his home, they found furniture, silverware, and even clothing made of human skin and body parts. Psychiatrists examining him theorized that he was trying to make a “woman suit” to wear so he could pretend to be his dead mother, whom neighbors described as a puritan who dominated her son.

At the phút giây of Gein’s arrest, Bloch was living 35 miles ( 56 km ) away from Plainfield in Weyauwega. Though Bloch was not aware of the Gein case at that giây phút, he began biên tập with ” the notion that the man next door may be a quái nhân unsuspected even in the gossip-ridden microcosm of small-town life “. The novel, one of several Bloch wrote about insane killers, was almost completed when Gein & his activities were revealed, so sánh Bloch inserted a line alluding lớn Gein into one of the final chapters. Bloch was surprised years later when news of Gein’s living in isolation with a religiously fanatical mother came mập his attention. Bloch ” discovered how closely the imaginary character I’d created resembled the real Ed Gein both in overt act & apparent motivation “. [ ba ]


Bloch wrote two sequels, Psycho II (1982) and Psycho House (1990); neither was related to the film sequels. In the novel Psycho II, Bates escapes the asylum disguised as a nun and makes his way to Hollywood. Universal Pictures allegedly did not want to film it because of its social commentary on splatter films.[citation needed] In the novel Psycho House, murders begin again when the Bates Motel is reopened as a tourist attraction.

A fourth installment, titled Robert Bloch’s Psycho: Sanitarium written by Chet Williamson, was released in 2016. The book is set between the events of the original novel and Psycho II, recounting the events which took place in a state hospital for the criminally insane where Bates is a patient.



Bloch’s novel was adapted in 1960 into the feature film by director Alfred Hitchcock. It was written by Joseph Stefano & starred Anthony Perkins as Bates và Janet Leigh in an Academy Award – nominated performance as Marion Crane ( changed from ” Mary ” for the film, as there was a Mary Crane in Phoenix at that phút giây ). Hitchcock helped devise a promotional và kinh doanh scheme for his film that insisted that critics would not get advance screenings, & that no one would be admitted into the theater after the film had begun. [ bốn ] The promotional scheme also exhorted audiences not Khủng reveal the twist ending. Twenty-three years after the release of Hitchcock’s film và three years after the director’s death came the first of three sequels, all featuring Perkins .

After Psycho III, there was also a television pilot named Bates Motel, in which Bates briefly appears played by another actor. It is not in continuity with the final sequel Psycho IV: The Beginning. Gus Van Sant directed a 1998 remake of the original film in which virtually every camera angle and line of dialogue was duplicated from the original. It starred Vince Vaughn as Bates and Anne Heche as Marion Crane. It was reviled by critics[5] and performed poorly at the box office.

A “contemporary prequel” television series, Bates Motel was developed by Carlton Cuse, Kerry Ehrin, and Anthony Cipriano. Starring Vera Farmiga as Norma Bates and Freddie Highmore as Norman Bates, the series ran from 2013 to 2017.


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