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Allianz Arena – Wikipedia

Football stadium in the north of Munich, Bavaria, Germany
For other uses, see Allianz Stadium

Allianz Arena (German: [aˈli̯ants ʔaˌʁeːna]; known as Fußball Arena München for UEFA competitions) is a football stadium in Munich, Bavaria, Germany with a 70,000 seating capacity for international matches and 75,000 for domestic matches. Widely known for its exterior of inflated ETFE plastic panels, it is the first stadium in the world with a full colour changing exterior. Located at 25 Werner-Heisenberg-Allee at the northern edge of Munich’s Schwabing-Freimann borough on the Fröttmaning Heath, it is the second-largest arena in Germany behind Westfalenstadion in Dortmund.

FC Bayern Munich has played its home page games at the Allianz Arena since the start of the 2005 – 06 season. The club had previously played their trang chủ games at the Munich Olympic Stadium since 1972. 1860 Munich previously had a 50 per cent chia sẻ in the stadium, but Bayern Munich purchased their shares for € 11 million in April 2006 due béo 1860 Munich suffering from financial issues. The arrangement allowed 1860 Munich bự play at the stadium while retaining no ownership until 2025. [ 4 ] However, in July 2017 Bayern terminated the rental contract with 1860, making themselves the sole tenants of the stadium. [ 5 ]The large locally based financial services provider Allianz purchased the naming rights bự the stadium for 30 years. However, this name cannot be used when hosting FIFA và ae888 com
events, since these governing bodies have policies forbidding corporate sponsorship from companies that are not official tournament partners. During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was referred mập as FIFA WM-Stadion München ( FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich ). In UEFA club và Nations League matches, it is known as the Fußball Arena München [ ˈfuːsbal ʔaˌʁeːna ˈmʏnçn ̩ ] ( Football Arena Munich ), & it hosted the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final [ 6 ] và will host the upcoming 2025 final, moved from 2023. [ 7 ] Since 2012 the museum of Bayern Munich, FC Bayern Erlebniswelt, has been located inside the Allianz Arena .On 9 February 2022, it was announced that the Allianz Arena will host a regular season American football game of the National Football League ( NFL ) as part of the NFL International Series. [ tám ] It was the first-ever regular season NFL game played in Germany và it featured the Seattle Seahawks versus the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on Sunday, 13 November 2022, with the Buccaneers winning 21 – 16 .
Part of Allianz Arena roof’s sun-shade blinds rolled open Illumination during the UEFA Champions League final 2011 – 12



Effective with the city’s approval of modifications that was granted 16 January 2006, the legal capacity of the stadium increased from 69,000 mập 71,000 spectators ( including standing room ). The lower tier can seat up phệ 20,000, the middle tier up bự 24,000, & the upper tier up mập 22,000. 10,400 of the seats in the lower tier corners can be converted bự standing room béo allow an additional 3,120 spectators. The total capacity includes 2,000 business seats, 400 seats for the press, 106 luxury boxes with seating for up phệ 174, & 165 berths for wheelchairs và the lượt thích. From the second half of the 2005 – 06 Bundesliga season, the arena is able bự accommodate 69,901 spectators at league và DFB-Pokal games, but because of UEFA regulations, the capacity remained at 66,000 seats for UEFA Champions League & UEFA Cup games. Bayern Munich limited capacity during their league và cup games béo 69,000. The partial roof covers all seats, although winds can still blow rain onto some of them. Prior bự the 2012 – 13 season, Bayern Munich announced that capacity had been increased phệ 71,000 for domestic matches & 68,000 for UEFA matches, with the addition of 2,000 seats in the upper tier of the arena. [ 9 ]Allianz Arena also offers three-day-care centers và a fan shop, the FC Bayern Munich Megastore. Merchandise is offered at stands all along the inside of the exterior wall inside the area behind the seats. Numerous restaurants và fast-food establishments are also located around the stadium .There are four nhóm locker rooms ( one each for the two home page teams và their respective opponents ), four coaches ‘ locker rooms, và two locker rooms for referees. Two areas are provided where athletes can warm up ( approx. 110 mét vuông each ). There are also 550 toilets và 190 monitors in the arena .On 28 April 2013, FC Bayern announced mập sell 300 more tickets in the Südkurve starting with the 2013 – 14 Bundesliga season. [ 10 ]On 21 January năm trước, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge declared that FC Bayern discusses a further expansion of the Allianz Arena. [ 11 ] About 2,000 hot nhất seats Khủng be installed in the upper tier và about 2,000 more tickets are Khủng be sold in the Nord – và Südkurve. In August 2014, it was reported that the capacity expansion was completed leading mập a mới ra maximum capacity of 75,024 in the Bundesliga và 69,334 in international matches. [ 12 ] An expansion was approved in January năm ngoái lớn expand the stadium’s capacity bự 75,000 for Bundesliga Games & 70,000 for games in the Champions League. [ 13 ]


Allianz Arena under construction ( August 2004 ) .The stadium construction began on 21 October 2002 và was officially opened on 30 May 2005. The primary designers are architects Herzog và de Meuron. The stadium is designed so sánh that the main entrance mập the stadium would be from an elevated esplanade separated from the parking space consisting of Europe’s biggest underground oto park. [ 14 ] The roof of the stadium has built-in roller blinds which may be drawn back và forth during games bự provide protection from the sun .

  • Total concrete used during stadium construction: 120,000 m³
  • Total concrete used for the parking garage: 85,000 m³
  • Total steel used during stadium construction: 22,000 tonnes
  • Total steel used for the parking garage: 14,000 tonnes

Luminous exterior[edit]

The arena facade is constructed of 2,874 ETFE – foil air panels that are kept inflated with dry air Khủng a differential pressure of 3.5 Pa. [ 15 ] The panels appear White from far away but when examined closely, there are little dots on the panels. When viewed from far away, the eye combines the dots và sees White. When viewed close up however, it is possible Khủng see through the foil. The foil has a thickness of 0.2 milimet. Each panel can be independently lit with White, red, or xanh light. The panels are lit for each game with the colours of the respective trang chủ đội — red for Bayern Munich, xanh for TSV và trắng for the Germany national đội. White is also used when the stadium is a neutral venue, lượt thích the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final. Other colours or multicolour or interchanging lighting schemes are theoretically possible, but the Munich Police strongly insists on using a single-colour lighting scheme due mập several oto accidents on the nearby A9 Autobahn with drivers being distracted by the changing lights .Allianz Arena’s innovative stadium-facade lighting concept has been subsequently adopted in other recently built venues, lượt thích MetLife Stadium in New Jersey, which lights up in xanh for the National Football League ‘ s Giants & green for the Jets. With electricity costs for the light of about € 50 ( $ USD 75 ) per hour, the construction emits enough light that, on clear nights, the stadium can easily be spotted from Austrian mountain tops, e. g. from a distance of 50 miles ( 80 km ) .
Allianz Arena


Patrons may park their cars in Europe’s largest parking structure, comprising four four-story parking garages with 9,800 parking places. In addition, 1,200 places were built into the first two tiers of the arena, 350 places are available for buses ( 240 at the north over, & 110 at the south entrance ), và 130 more spots are reserved for those with disabilities .The stadium is located next mập the Fröttmaning U-Bahn station. This is on the U6 line of the Munich U-Bahn .


From the subway station just south of the arena, visitors approach the stadium through a park that was designed phệ disentangle và guide them Khủng the entrance. An esplanade rises gradually from ground màn chơi at the subway station entrance, practically building the parking garage’s cover, Khủng the entrance màn chơi of the stadium. On the other side of the Autobahn, the Fröttmaning Hill with its windmill affords a marvellous view on the stadium. Also the Romanesque Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche, the oldest structure on the area of the City of Munich designed bự serve religious purposes, is located there together with its copy, an artwork in concrete as a reminder for the village of Fröttmaning which disappeared with the construction of the Autobahn .


The arena was commissioned by the Allianz Arena München Stadion GmbH, founded in 2001, và was owned in equal parts by the two football clubs that called it trang chủ. The GmbH’s CEO was Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr. until the unraveling of the stadium corruption affair ( see below ). Since then, Bernd Rauch, Peter Kerspe, và Walter Leidecker have led the company. In April 2006, FC Bayern Munich bought out TSV 1860 Munich’s 50 per cent chia sẻ in the arena for a reported € 11 million. 1860 managing director Stefan Ziffzer stated that the khuyến mãi prevented insolvency for the club. The terms of the agreement gave 1860 the right Khủng buy back their 50 per cent chia sẻ of the arena for the price of marketing plus interest anytime before June 2010. In November 2007, 1860 Munich resigned that right. In advance, the income of two friendly-games both clubs shared equally instead of having that money going béo Allianz Arena GmbH. Due to 1860 Munich’s financial turbulence, Bayern Munich took end all the shares & owns 100 per cent of the Allianz Arena .


Allianz paid significant sums for the right Khủng lend its name Khủng the stadium for a duration of 30 years. However, as Allianz was not a sponsor of the 2006 World Cup và is not an official UEFA sponsor, the Allianz hình ảnh sản phẩm had lớn be removed during the World Cup & is covered during Champions League games .


The cost of the construction itself ran Khủng € 286 million but financing costs raised that figure Khủng a total of € 340 million. In addition, the thành phố & State incurred approximately € 210 million for area development và infrastructure improvements .


Aerial photo of Allianz Arena with surrounding area shortly before construction was complete ( January 2005 )On 14 November 2005 at the annual general meeting, many FC Bayern Munich club members complained about the uncomfortable draft inside the arena. As a result, closable doors were installed & spectators now enjoy watching the games in greater comfort .The Ultras & many other fans protested at several trang chủ games against the seats và some of the rules of the arena which they perceive as ” người yêu thích unfriendly. ” For example, a spectator may not enter with a megaphone or a pennant that a single person cannot carry unfurled, và pennant poles with a length of kết thúc one metre are prohibited. The complaint is that these rules & the designer seats put a damper on the người hâm mộ experience. The presence of a large fence và safety nets in front of the southern curve ( seat bloc reserved for fans of FC Bayern Munich ) are also often criticized .Thes e complaints have had some success. From the 2006 – 07 season, blocks 112 & 113 have been converted into terracing, in the usual German phong cách so sánh that seats can be installed for UEFA & international matches, whose regulations demand seating for all spectators .


Seating area of the Allianz ArenaOn 21 October 2002, voters went phệ the polls bự determine whether a mới ra stadium should be built in this location và whether the thành phố of Munich should provide the necessary infrastructure. About two-thirds of the voters decided in favor of the proposition. An alternative phệ constructing the mới nhất arena had been a major reconstruction of the Olympic Stadium but this option had been refused by its architect Günther Behnisch .Swiss architect firm Herzog và de Meuron then developed the concept of the stadium with a see-through exterior made of ETFE-foil panels that can be lit from the inside & are self-cleaning. Construction started in late 2002 & was completed by the over of April 2005 .The Fröttmaning và Marienplatz stations of the subway line U6 were expanded & improved in conjunction with the arena construction. The Fröttmaning subway stations platforms were moved slightly southwards và expanded from two béo four tracks, while the Marienplatz U-Bahn station was outfitted with additional pedestrian connector tunnels running parallel phệ the subway tracks, which lead towards the S-Bahn portion of the station, lessening congestion among passengers making connections phệ the Munich S-Bahn. To be able bự handle the additional lượt truy cập load, the Autobahn A9 was expanded mập three và four lanes in each direction & another exit was added béo the A99 north of the arena .On 19 May 2012, the 2011 – 12 UEFA Champions League final was held at the Allianz Arena. Bayern Munich, who were drawn as trang chính đội, was mix bự play against Chelsea. Chelsea won on penalties after the game had tied một – một after regulation và extra thời gian. Bastian Schweinsteiger ‘ s penalty cơn bão Petr Čech ‘ s left post, và Didier Drogba scored the winning penalty. On 25 May 2012, Bayern opened a museum about its history, FC Bayern Erlebniswelt, inside the Allianz Arena. [ 16 ]
The stadium’s interior following the so-called ” Bayernization ” in 2018Following the departure of TSV 1860 Munich from the stadium due Khủng its relegation mập tam. Liga in năm nay – 17, Bayern Munich went on mập give Allianz Arena a significant facelift a year later, replacing old grey seats with mới nhất ones that create a combination of red và Trắng, the colors of the club. The stadium now presents FC Bayern crest on the stand, the ” FC Bayern München ” biên tập on one side và the ” Mia San Mia ” – the club’s motto – on the other. Furthermore, several other modifications have also been made, including decorating walls with images of the club’s history, bringing a larger quantity of red, và the opening of the FC Bayern store. [ 17 ]

Stadium corruption affair[edit]

Between March 2004 & August 2006, a corruption affair relating bự the stadium occupied the football world và German courts. On 9 March 2004, Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Sr., president of TSV 1860 Munich, his son Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr., chief executive officer of Allianz Arena München Stadion GmbH, và two others were charged with corruption in connection with the award of arena construction contracts và taken into custody. On 12 March, Wildmoser Sr. struck a plea bargain & was released. As part of the plea bargain, he relinquished the presidency of the club three days later, & on 18 May, the investigation into his conduct was closed .His son, Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr., remained in custody. At a bail hearing on 29 June, the judge refused bail on the grounds of danger of flight và obstruction of justice. The District Attorney filed charges on 23 August 2004, accusing him of fraud, corruption & tax evasion. The case was that Wildmoser Jr. had awarded the construction contract at an inflated price, provided the Austrian builder Alpine with inside information that enabled the builder mập thắng the contract, & in return received € 2.8 million .On 13 May 2005, Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr. was convicted và sentenced by a Munich court bự four và a half years in prison. He was released on bail pending his appeal. The Federal Court of Justice rejected the appeal in August 2006 .
Allianz Arena during a match in November năm trước

Opening day[edit]

Test illumination in March 2005On 30 May 2005, 1860 Munich played an exhibition game against một. FC Nürnberg & won, ba – 2. The next day, the record German champions Bayern Munich played a game against the Germany national nhóm. [ 18 ] Both games had been sold out since early March 2005. Patrick Milchraum of TSV 1860 scored the first official goal at the stadium .On 2 June 2005, in response béo high demand, the first ” arena derby ” took place between the two tenants. That game was won by TSV 1860 with the help of a goal by Paul Agostino .Prior lớn opening day, the alumni teams of both clubs played each other in an exhibition game in front of a crowd of 30,000. During the game, all stadium functions were thoroughly tested .The stadium’s first goal in a competitive game went mập Roy Makaay of FC Bayern in the semi-finals of 2005 DFL-Ligapokal on 26 July 2005. In the same game, Thomas Hitzlsperger of VfB Stuttgart scored the first goal in an official game by a visiting nhóm. The game ended with a 2 – một chiến hạ for Stuttgart .The first goal in a league game was scored by Owen Hargreaves of FC Bayern when the trang chính đội won 3 – 0 in its 2005 – 06 Bundesliga season opener against Borussia Mönchengladbach on 5 August 2005. The first goal in a league game by a visiting nhóm was scored by Dynamo Dresden on 9 September 2005 in the 2. Bundesliga match against 1860 Munich. That game ended in a score of một – 2 in front of a đầy đủ house which included approximately 20,000 – 22,000 fans who had traveled bự Munich from Dresden for the game. Dresden thus became the first visiting nhóm béo chiến hạ a league game at Allianz Arena .The first goal against FC Bayern Munich in a league game at Allianz Arena was scored by Miroslav Klose of Werder Bremen on 5 November 2005 in the first minute of play. This was bự remain the visitors ‘ only goal that day, as the game went phệ the FC Bayern with a final score of ba – 1 .FC Bayern broke its consecutive sell-out record by selling out each of its first ten trang chính games at Allianz Arena .
Inside Allianz Arena during a match between Bayern Munich and 1860 Munich, 10 June 2005

International tournament matches[edit]

2006 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. However, due to sponsorship contracts, the arena was called FIFA World Cup Stadium Munich during the World Cup.

The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006 :

UEFA Euro 2020[edit]

Allianz-lettering being removed temporarilyThe Allianz Arena before the Belgium-Italy match on 2 July 2021, with the-lettering being removed temporarily

Date Time Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
15 June 2021 21:00 France 1–0  Germany Group F 12,000[19]
19 June 2021 18:00 Portugal 2–4 12,926[20]
23 June 2021 21:00 Germany 2–2  Hungary 12,413[21]
2 July 2021 21:00 Belgium 1–2  Italy Quarter-finals 12,984[22]

UEFA Euro 2024[edit]

The stadium will host three nhóm stage matches, one match in the ải of 16 và one semi-finals match at the UEFA Euro 2024 .

Date Time Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance
14 June 2024 21:00 Germany Match 1 A2 Group A
17 June 2024 E3 Match 10 E4 Group E
20 June 2024 C1 Match 18 C3 Group C
2 July 2024 Winner Group E Match 43 3rd Group A/B/C/D Round of 16
7 July 2024 21:00 Winner match 45 Match 49 Winner match 46 Semi-finals

Other uses[edit]

On 9 February 2022 it was announced that the Allianz Arena will host a regular-season game between the Seattle Seahawks versus the Tampa Bay Buccaneers as part of the NFL International Series. [ 23 ] The Buccaneers, who were the designated trang chủ đội, defeated the Seahawks 21 – 16 in front of 69,811 fans in the first ever regular-season National Football League game played in Germany. The game was played on 13 November, after Bayern Munich hosted their final Bundesliga match before the German domestic league season breaks for the 2022 FIFA World Cup .

See also[edit]


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