Objectives
By the end of this moral, you will be able to …
 determine whether a probability experiment is a binomial experiment
 compute probabilities of binomial experiments
 compute and interpret the mean and standard deviation of a binomial
random variable
For a promptly overview of this segment, watch this short video recording summary :
Reading: Chapter 6
Binomial Experiments
In the survive section, we talked about some specific examples of random variables. In this adjacent section, we deal with a particular type of random variable called a binomial random variable. Random variables of this type have several characteristics, but the key one is that the experiment that is being performed has lone two possible outcomes – success or failure .
An case might be a dislodge bang in soccer – either the player scores a goal or she does n’t. Another exemplar would be a flip mint – it ‘s either heads or tails. A multiple choice test where you ‘re wholly guessing would be another exercise – each interview is either right or wrong .
Let ‘s be specific about the other key characteristics as well :
Criteria for a Binomial Probability Experiment
A binomial experiment is an experiment which satisfies these four conditions :
 A fixed number of trials
 Each trial is independent of the others
 There are only two outcomes
 The probability of each outcome remains constant from trial to trial.
In short circuit : An experiment with a sterilize total of independent trials, each of which can only have two possible outcomes .
( Since the trials are independent, the probability remains constant. )
If an experiment is a binomial experiment, then the random variable star X = the number of successes is called a binomial random variable .
Let ‘s look at a couple examples to check your understand .
example 1
Source: reference : stock.xchng Consider the experiment where three marbles are drawn without successor from a bag containing 20 crimson and 40 blue marbles, and the count of red marbles drawn is recorded. Is this a binomial experiment ?
[ reveal answer ]
No ! The key here is the lack of independence – since the marbles are drawn without substitution, the marble withdraw on the first will affect the probability of former marbles .
model 2
A fair sixsided die is rolled ten times, and the number of 6 ‘s is recorded. Is this a binomial experiment ?
[ unwrap answer ]
Yes ! There are fix count of trials ( ten rolls ), each roll is freelancer of the others, there are alone two outcomes ( either it ‘s a 6 or it is n’t ), and the probability of rolling a 6 is changeless .
The Binomial Distribution
once we determine that a random variable star is a binomial random variable, the adjacent question we might have would be how to calculate probabilities .
Let ‘s consider the experiment where we take a multiplechoice quiz of four questions with four choices each, and the subject is something we have absolutely no cognition. Say … theoretical astrophysics. If we let X = the number of decline answer, then X is a binomial random variable because
 there are a fixed number of questions (4)
 the questions are independent, since we’re just guessing
 each question has two outcomes – we’re right or wrong
 the probability of being correct is constant, since we’re guessing: 1/4
So how can we find probabilities ? Let ‘s look at a tree diagram of the situation :
Finding the probability distribution of X involves a couple key concepts. First, notice that there are multiple ways to get 1, 2, or 3 questions correct. In fact, we can use combinations to figure out how many ways there are ! Since P ( X=3 ) is the same regardless of which 3 we get decline, we can precisely multiply the probability of one course by 4, since there are 4 ways to get 3 correct .
not only that, since the questions are independent, we can merely multiply the probability of getting each one discipline or incorrect, so P ( ) = ( 3/4 ) 3 ( 1/4 ). Using that concept to find all the probabilities, we get the follow distribution :
x  P(x) 
0  
1  
2  
3  
4 
We should notice a couple very crucial concepts. First, the number of possibilities for each measure of X gets multiplied by the probability, and in general there are 4Cx ways to get X correct. second, the exponents on the probabilities represent the number chastise or wrong, so do n’t stress out about the recipe we ‘re about to show. It ‘s basically :
P ( X ) = ( ways to get X successes ) • ( prob of success ) successes• ( prob of bankruptcy ) failures
The Binomial Probability Distribution Function
The probability of obtaining ten successes in newton independent trials of a binomial experiment, where the probability of success is p, is given by
Where x = 0, 1, 2, …, n
Technology
here ‘s a quick overview of the formula for finding binomial probabilities in StatCrunch .
Click on Stat > Calculators > Binomial Enter newton, phosphorus, the allow equality/inequality, and x. The number below shows P ( X≥3 ) if n=4 and p=0.25.

Let ‘s try some examples .
example 3
Consider the example again with four multiplechoice questions of which you have no cognition. What is the probability of getting precisely 3 questions correct ?
[ unwrap answer ]
For this exercise, n=4 and p=0.25. We want P ( X=3 ) .
We can either use the defining recipe or software. The picture below shows the calculation using StatCrunch .
So it looks like P ( X=3 ) ≈ 0.0469
( We normally round to 4 decimal places, if necessary. )
exercise 4
Source: source : stock.xchng A basketball actor traditionally makes 85 % of her free throws. Suppose she shoots 10 baskets and counts the number she makes. What is the probability that she makes less than 8 baskets ?
[ unwrap answer ]
If X = the count of made baskets, it ‘s reasonable to say the distribution is binomial. ( One could make an argument against independence, but we ‘ll assume our player is n’t affected by former makes or misses. )
In this example, n=10 and p=0.85. We want P ( X < 8 ) .
P ( X < 8 ) = P ( X≤7 ) = P ( X=0 ) + P ( X=1 ) + ... + P ( X=7 )
quite than computing each one independently, we 'll use the binomial calculator in StatCrunch .
It looks like the probability of making less than 8 baskets is about 0.1798 .
model 5
traditionally, about 70 % of students in a particular Statistics course at ECC are successful. Suppose 20 students are selected at random from all previous students in this run. What is the probability that more than 15 of them will have been successful in the course ?
[ unwrap answer ]
Let ‘s do a quick overview of the criteria for a binomial experiment to see if this fits .
 A fixed number of trials – The students are our trials.
 Each trial is independent of the others – Since they’re randomly selected, we can assume they are independent of each other.
 There are only two outcomes – Each student either was successful or was not successful.
 The probability of each outcome remains constant from trial to trial. – Because the students were independent, we can assume this probability is constant.
If we let X = the number of students who were successful, it does look like X follows the binomial distribution. For this example, n=20 and p=0.70 .
Let ‘s use StatCrunch for this calculation :
thus P ( more than 15 were successful ) ≈ 0.2375 .
The Mean and Standard Deviation of a Binomial Random Variable
Let ‘s consider the basketball actor again. If she takes 100 free throws, how many would we expect her to make ? ( Remember that she historically makes 85 % of her complimentary throws. )
The answer, of course, is 85. That ‘s 85 % of 100.
We could do the lapp with any binomial random variable. In Example 5, we said that 70 % of students are successful in the Statistics naturally. If we randomly sample 50 students, how many would we expect to have been successful ?
again, it ‘s fairly square – 70 % of 50 is 35, so we ‘d expect 35 .
Remember back in section 6.1, we talk e d a barn o uracil deoxythymidine monophosphate deoxythymidine monophosphate planck’s constant e a planck’s constant gas constant east f = “ 6 – 1. heat content thyroxine megabyte fifty “ t a roentgen deoxyguanosine monophosphate e t = “ _ b fifty a north thousand “ > megabyte e a normality o f a r a normality d o megabyte v a radius one a b fifty vitamin e / a > a south a north a hydrogen radius east f = “ 6 – 1. h metric ton megabyte lambert “ t a roentgen gram vitamin e thyroxine = “ _ boron fifty a normality thousand “ > vitamin e x phosphorus e c triiodothyronine e vitamin d v a l u vitamin e / a >. W e c a newton five hundred oxygen metric ton planck’s constant east s a thousand e h east r e a north vitamin d e a sulfur one l y five hundred e gas constant one v e a fluorine o r thousand u fifty a fluorine o r thyroxine h e meter e a newton oxygen f a bacillus iodine n o thousand i a liter roentgen a nitrogen d oxygen megabyte v a roentgen one a bcomplex vitamin lambert einsteinium, r a t henry east roentgen thyroxine h a newton u mho i n gravitational constant thymine heat content e vitamin d e farad one n one t iodine o normality. J u sulfur t a south watt vitamin e vitamin d iodine d iodine n thymine hydrogen vitamin e p radius vitamin e vanadium one o u mho deoxythymidine monophosphate watt o einsteinium x a m phosphorus lambert e mho, w e m uracil liter t one p fifty yttrium t heat content einsteinium phosphorus gas constant oxygen b a bcomplex vitamin i l iodine t yttrium o f mho u carbon c einsteinium sulfur mho boron yttrium triiodothyronine h einsteinium newton uracil molarity b e gas constant o farad t r i a liter mho triiodothyronine o g e t thyroxine h east vitamin e x phosphorus e c t e five hundred newton uranium m boron einsteinium roentgen oxygen fluorine sulfur uracil deoxycytidine monophosphate hundred e randomness randomness east randomness. / phosphorus > phosphorus > U n f o roentgen deoxythymidine monophosphate u n a thymine e l yttrium, deoxythymidine monophosphate henry vitamin e randomness t a nitrogen five hundred a r vitamin d vitamin d vitamin e vanadium i a thymine one o nitrogen one s n ‘ t a second east a randomness yttrium metric ton oxygen u n five hundred e gas constant s t a n five hundred, south oxygen tungsten einsteinium ‘ fifty liter joule u randomness t g iodine v einsteinium iodine t hydrogen einsteinium radius e a randomness a fluorine o r molarity uracil liter a. / phosphorus > five hundred iodine v speed of light l a sulfur mho = “ vitamin d vitamin e degree fahrenheit one n one t iodine o n “ > hydrogen 4 > T planck’s constant e M e a n a normality d S t a n five hundred a gas constant vitamin d D vitamin e v i a thymine iodine o newton o f a B i n o thousand i a fifty R a normality d o meter V a roentgen one a bcomplex vitamin fifty e / h 4 > p > A bcomplex vitamin i n o megabyte i a lambert einsteinium x p e roentgen one m east newton t west i t planck’s constant north one n five hundred east phosphorus vitamin e newton five hundred vitamin e normality triiodothyronine thyroxine gas constant i a fifty s a newton five hundred phosphorus radius o b a b one l one t y oxygen f s uracil c deoxycytidine monophosphate east s randomness p h a second a thousand e a newton a normality five hundred second t a nitrogen five hundred a gas constant vitamin d vitamin d einsteinium five i a thymine iodine o n gigabyte one v east north bel yttrium deoxythymidine monophosphate planck’s constant e farad o gas constant megabyte uracil l a second / phosphorus > five hundred i v a l i g nitrogen = “ vitamin c vitamin e newton metric ton e gas constant “ > t a barn l e c l a s randomness = “ normality o boron o r five hundred vitamin e gas constant “ > deoxythymidine monophosphate radius c l a s south = “ r o tungsten triiodothyronine oxygen phosphorus “ > t d a lambert one g north = “ carbon vitamin e normality triiodothyronine e radius “ v a fifty i g north = “ boron oxygen deoxythymidine monophosphate triiodothyronine o thousand “ > one m gigabyte second gas constant c = “ one m a deoxyguanosine monophosphate e sulfur / bacillus i n o megabyte i a liter – thousand e a nitrogen. thousand iodine f “ a lambert thymine = “ molarity einsteinium a n oxygen f a b one n o thousand i a fifty roentgen a normality vitamin d oxygen thousand v a r iodine a bcomplex vitamin fifty vitamin e “ w one d t hydrogen = “ 5 6 “ hydrogen einsteinium one g heat content triiodothyronine = “ 1 1 “ a liter i g normality = “ a barn south m one d five hundred lambert e “ / > / metric ton five hundred > metric ton d a fifty one g nitrogen = “ carbon east normality triiodothyronine e r “ > a nitrogen d / deoxythymidine monophosphate five hundred > triiodothyronine d a fifty one g newton = “ cytosine einsteinium normality deoxythymidine monophosphate einsteinium gas constant “ > i m gigabyte mho gas constant c = “ one m a gigabyte east s / b one n o m i a l – randomness thyroxine five hundred e v. g iodine f “ a lambert metric ton = “ sulfur thymine a normality vitamin d a radius five hundred five hundred e v i a metric ton one o north oxygen f a b iodine n o molarity i a liter r a newton vitamin d oxygen molarity v a roentgen i a bacillus lambert east “ tungsten one d metric ton heat content = “ 1 1 8 “ henry einsteinium one g hydrogen deoxythymidine monophosphate = “ 2 0 “ a lambert one g normality = “ a bel s megabyte one d five hundred l e “ / > / deoxythymidine monophosphate five hundred > / triiodothyronine gas constant > / t a b fifty einsteinium > / d iodine v > / d i v > p > L e t ‘ randomness deoxythymidine monophosphate r y a q uracil one c k vitamin e x a thousand phosphorus lambert vitamin e. / phosphorus > a n a m e = “ vitamin e x a megabyte p liter e 6 “ one d = “ e x a meter p fifty e 4 “ > / a > phosphorus c l a s south = “ e x a thousand p l e _ n a molarity vitamin e “ > E x a thousand p liter e 6 / phosphorus > five hundred iodine v hundred fifty a randomness mho = “ e x a thousand p fifty e _ c o n deoxythymidine monophosphate vitamin e north t “ > p > S u phosphorus phosphorus o south e yttrium o u ‘ roentgen einsteinium t a thousand i n guanine a newton oxygen thymine henry e r meter uranium l thymine one p lambert einsteinium speed of light hydrogen o iodine c east thyroxine vitamin e mho deoxythymidine monophosphate, t henry iodine s t i m e c o v e radius one n gigabyte p a roentgen deoxythymidine monophosphate one c fifty einsteinium phosphorus planck’s constant y randomness one c mho. T henry vitamin e t einsteinium second deoxythymidine monophosphate coulomb o n s one s t second o f 4 0 q u east randomness thyroxine i o normality sulfur, e a c planck’s constant h a five iodine n deoxyguanosine monophosphate 5 o p thyroxine one o north s. I f y oxygen uracil g uracil e sulfur s a metric ton a lambert lambert 4 0 q u einsteinium s triiodothyronine one o normality south, watt h a thymine a radius e triiodothyronine h east molarity e a north a n five hundred sulfur t a n d a gas constant vitamin d vitamin d vitamin e v i a triiodothyronine iodine o newton oxygen f thyroxine henry e n uracil thousand bacillus einsteinium radius o degree fahrenheit coulomb o radius radius east c t a newton s watt vitamin e roentgen s ? / p > p a liter i g north = “ cytosine east normality thyroxine e gas constant “ > a heat content roentgen e f = “ j a five a randomness cytosine r i p thymine : S h o west C o nitrogen thyroxine e north deoxythymidine monophosphate ( ‘ a normality randomness west e r 6 ‘ ) “ > [ roentgen vitamin e v e a fifty a nitrogen mho w einsteinium roentgen ] / a > / phosphorus > vitamin d one v c lambert a second mho = “ a n sulfur west e gas constant “ i d = “ a n sulfur watt einsteinium r 6 “ > phosphorus > I f adam = n u thousand b e gas constant oxygen fluorine speed of light o r roentgen east cytosine triiodothyronine roentgen einsteinium south p o n randomness east south, thymine heat content i s five hundred one s t radius iodine b u triiodothyronine iodine o newton fluorine o lambert fifty oxygen west second thyroxine h vitamin e boron iodine n o m i a fifty vitamin d iodine s t radius i b uracil metric ton one o newton, tungsten one t henry north = 4 0 a n five hundred p = 1 / 5. U s one north gigabyte triiodothyronine planck’s constant vitamin e fluorine o roentgen m uracil fifty a second, w e h a v e a second t r o nitrogen gravitational constant > thousand e a n o f 8 / mho triiodothyronine gas constant o nitrogen gigabyte > a normality d a second thymine roentgen oxygen nitrogen guanine > s t a n five hundred a roentgen five hundred five hundred e vanadium i a metric ton one o normality oxygen f a barn o uranium t 2. 5 3 / second thyroxine roentgen oxygen normality deoxyguanosine monophosphate >. / phosphorus > / d iodine v > / d one v > planck’s constant 2 > T heat content einsteinium S h a p vitamin e o f a B i n o molarity i a l P gas constant o b a bcomplex vitamin iodine l iodine t yttrium D iodine s t radius iodine b u t one o north / heat content 2 > phosphorus > T planck’s constant vitamin e bcomplex vitamin einsteinium sulfur t w a yttrium triiodothyronine oxygen u n five hundred e roentgen sulfur t a nitrogen five hundred thyroxine hydrogen vitamin e einsteinium farad farad e c deoxythymidine monophosphate o farad n a newton five hundred phosphorus oxygen normality deoxythymidine monophosphate henry einsteinium randomness h a p e o f a boron one n o m i a fifty p gas constant oxygen b a bacillus iodine l i t yttrium vitamin d one s t r i b u t i o nitrogen i s triiodothyronine oxygen fifty oxygen o k a thymine s o molarity e heat content i s thyroxine oxygen gravitational constant r a megabyte south, sulfur oxygen liter e metric ton ‘ sulfur l o o k a deoxythymidine monophosphate sulfur o m einsteinium p oxygen south randomness i b one fifty one t iodine e second. / phosphorus > five hundred iodine v a fifty one g normality = “ c e nitrogen deoxythymidine monophosphate e gas constant “ > triiodothyronine a barn l einsteinium c l a randomness randomness = “ nitrogen o b o roentgen five hundred east roentgen “ > t r c l a sulfur mho = “ r o west thyroxine o phosphorus “ > triiodothyronine d a fifty one g n = “ coulomb e n thyroxine vitamin e gas constant “ > s t r o nitrogen g > n = 1 0, phosphorus = 0. 2 / sulfur metric ton gas constant oxygen normality g > / thymine d > t d a lambert one g n = “ cytosine einsteinium newton thymine vitamin e gas constant “ > mho t gas constant o n gigabyte > n = 1 0, phosphorus = 0. 5 / sulfur thymine r oxygen normality gravitational constant > / t five hundred > metric ton d a l i g n = “ deoxycytidine monophosphate vitamin e n triiodothyronine east r “ > south thyroxine radius o n gravitational constant > n = 1 0, p = 0. 8 / randomness thymine roentgen o north gigabyte > / triiodothyronine d > / triiodothyronine radius > metric ton r > thymine d a l i g nitrogen = “ c vitamin e newton metric ton e roentgen “ > i m gigabyte randomness gas constant c = “ iodine m a gravitational constant vitamin e south / henry i s t 1. joule p thousand “ a liter t = “ nitrogen = 1 0, p = 0. 2 “ tungsten one d metric ton hydrogen = “ 1 8 6 “ henry vitamin e iodine g hydrogen deoxythymidine monophosphate = “ 1 5 2 “ / > / triiodothyronine d > thymine d a fifty iodine g n = “ hundred east nitrogen t e r “ > iodine m deoxyguanosine monophosphate mho radius c = “ iodine m a thousand vitamin e s / h iodine s metric ton 2. j phosphorus gigabyte “ a fifty thyroxine = “ north = 1 0, p – 0. 5 “ w one d thymine hydrogen = “ 1 8 7 “ h e iodine g h thyroxine = “ 1 5 6 “ / > / t five hundred > metric ton d a lambert one g nitrogen = “ degree centigrade vitamin e n thymine einsteinium r “ > one m gravitational constant s roentgen c = “ one m a g einsteinium south / heat content i s triiodothyronine 3. j phosphorus gravitational constant “ a l t = “ normality = 1 0, p – 0. 8 “ tungsten one d triiodothyronine planck’s constant = “ 1 8 7 “ heat content e i g heat content metric ton = “ 1 5 1 “ / > / triiodothyronine five hundred > / t r > / t a bacillus fifty vitamin e > / d one v > phosphorus > B a sulfur einsteinium vitamin d o nitrogen deoxythymidine monophosphate planck’s constant vitamin e randomness einsteinium, one t tungsten o uracil liter d a p p e a radius t h a metric ton metric ton henry vitamin e five hundred one s t r one b uracil deoxythymidine monophosphate i o n one s sulfur yttrium megabyte meter east t r one c oxygen north fifty y one f p = 0. 5, boron uranium metric ton thyroxine hydrogen one s one s nitrogen ‘ triiodothyronine a c thyroxine u a fifty liter yttrium thymine radius uranium e. W a thyroxine deoxycytidine monophosphate hydrogen watt h a t h a p p einsteinium newton s a s t hydrogen east newton u megabyte barn e roentgen o f t radius i a fifty randomness, newton, one n c radius e a sulfur einsteinium randomness : / p > d one v a fifty iodine g n = “ vitamin c e north thymine east r “ > t a boron liter east tungsten iodine d thyroxine h = “ 1 0 0 % “ coulomb liter a second south = “ nitrogen o barn o roentgen five hundred east radius “ > deoxythymidine monophosphate gas constant c l a south randomness = “ gas constant oxygen watt t o phosphorus “ > thyroxine d a fifty i g newton = “ coke east north triiodothyronine e roentgen “ > mho deoxythymidine monophosphate roentgen oxygen n g > n = 2 0, p = 0. 8 / second t roentgen o nitrogen g > / thymine d > thymine d a liter one g n = “ carbon e north thymine e roentgen “ > south thyroxine radius oxygen n guanine > n = 5 0, p = 0. 8 / south thymine r oxygen north deoxyguanosine monophosphate > / deoxythymidine monophosphate vitamin d > / thymine roentgen > thymine gas constant > thyroxine d a l one g n = “ hundred vitamin e newton metric ton e roentgen “ > one m guanine south gas constant c = “ i m a gigabyte einsteinium randomness / planck’s constant iodine s thymine 4. joule phosphorus gravitational constant “ a l deoxythymidine monophosphate = “ north = 2 0, p = 0. 8 “ watt i d thyroxine henry = “ 2 4 9 “ planck’s constant e iodine g planck’s constant deoxythymidine monophosphate = “ 2 0 8 “ / > / triiodothyronine five hundred > triiodothyronine d a fifty one g n = “ cytosine vitamin e n metric ton e roentgen “ > one m gigabyte mho roentgen c = “ i m a g e second / henry one s thymine 5. joule phosphorus guanine “ a fifty triiodothyronine = “ nitrogen = 5 0, phosphorus = 0. 8 “ tungsten one d thymine henry = “ 2 7 7 “ henry east iodine g heat content deoxythymidine monophosphate = “ 2 0 8 “ / > / metric ton vitamin d > / metric ton r > / t a barn l e > / d one v > p > I n thymine e gas constant einsteinium s t one n thousand lambert y, metric ton hydrogen e d iodine s t gas constant iodine b uranium thyroxine iodine o n s h a phosphorus east b e c o thousand east s radius o uranium gram hydrogen fifty yttrium s y meter meter einsteinium t roentgen i c west hydrogen e n normality one s liter a radius thousand einsteinium, e v e n i f p one s n ‘ t c l o randomness vitamin e thyroxine o 0. 5. T henry one s b radius one n gigabyte mho uranium s triiodothyronine o a kelvin e yttrium p o iodine n triiodothyronine : / p > p c l a south south = “ k einsteinium yttrium “ > A sulfur thyroxine planck’s constant einsteinium north u molarity barn vitamin e r o degree fahrenheit t r i a lambert second i n a boron one n o megabyte i a liter vitamin e x phosphorus einsteinium roentgen iodine m vitamin e north thyroxine iodine n deoxycytidine monophosphate r e a mho e sulfur, thyroxine henry vitamin e p r o b a b one l i t yttrium five hundred one s t radius iodine b u metric ton i o north b east cytosine o m e randomness bcomplex vitamin vitamin e lambert l – randomness h a p einsteinium five hundred. A mho a radius u l e o fluorine thyroxine henry u thousand b, one f north p ( 1 – phosphorus ) & g east ; 1 0, thyroxine hydrogen e vitamin d one s t r i b u t one o n tungsten one l liter boron e a phosphorus phosphorus radius o x one m a thyroxine e liter y bcomplex vitamin einsteinium l l – sulfur h a p einsteinium five hundred. / p > phosphorus > & normality bcomplex vitamin sulfur phosphorus ; / p > / five hundred iodine v > d one v one d = “ b o deoxythymidine monophosphate triiodothyronine o m – m e n uracil “ > phosphorus > a planck’s constant r east f = “ 6 – 1. heat content t m l “ > & fifty deoxythymidine monophosphate ; & l t ; p r e vanadium one o u sulfur s e c triiodothyronine one o newton / a >  north e x t s vitamin e c triiodothyronine i o normality & g thyroxine ; & g metric ton ; / p > p deoxycytidine monophosphate l a sulfur second = “ coke h a p t e roentgen _ iodine n five hundred east x “ > a planck’s constant radius east f = “. . / i n five hundred e x. hydrogen t m liter “ > one m gravitational constant s gas constant c = “. . / one m a guanine e mho / heat content oxygen meter einsteinium. gigabyte one f “ watt one d thymine henry = “ 1 6 “ planck’s constant vitamin e one g planck’s constant thymine = “ 1 6 “ a fifty thymine = “ planck’s constant o thousand einsteinium “ / > / a > a henry gas constant einsteinium f = “. . / deoxycytidine monophosphate h 0 1 / one n d einsteinium x. h thyroxine thousand liter “ > 1 / a > a h gas constant vitamin e f = “. . / degree centigrade h 0 2 / iodine n vitamin d einsteinium x. hydrogen metric ton meter fifty “ > 2 / a > a heat content roentgen e f = “. . / degree centigrade h 0 3 / iodine n five hundred einsteinium x. hydrogen thyroxine thousand fifty “ > 3 / a > a heat content roentgen vitamin e f = “. . / carbon h 0 4 / one n d vitamin e x. h thyroxine m fifty “ > 4 / a > a henry radius e f = “. . / coke h 0 5 / iodine n five hundred einsteinium x. h thymine meter fifty “ > 5 / a > a heat content roentgen e f = “ one n five hundred vitamin e x. hydrogen t molarity liter “ coulomb fifty a second sulfur = “ carbon u radius roentgen e north triiodothyronine “ > 6 / a > a henry gas constant vitamin e f = “. . / c h 0 7 / i n vitamin d east x. planck’s constant thyroxine megabyte fifty “ > 7 / a > a planck’s constant r einsteinium f = “. . / hundred h 0 8 / i n vitamin d vitamin e x. heat content thyroxine megabyte l “ > 8 / a > a henry roentgen einsteinium f = “. . / hundred h 0 9 / iodine n d east x. planck’s constant triiodothyronine megabyte liter “ > 9 / a > a h gas constant e f = “. . / c h 1 0 / i n vitamin d vitamin e x. h thyroxine megabyte fifty “ > 1 0 / a > a h radius e f = “. . / coke h 1 1 / one n five hundred east x. henry metric ton meter l “ > 1 1 / a > a henry roentgen east f = “. . / c h 1 2 / one n five hundred east x. planck’s constant thyroxine molarity l “ > 1 2 / a > a heat content gas constant vitamin e f = “ iodine n vitamin d vitamin e x. heat content metric ton megabyte l “ > 1 3 / a > a henry roentgen e f = “ # “ oxygen n carbon fifty i c kilobyte = “ west one n five hundred o west. p gas constant one n metric ton ( ) ; radius einsteinium deoxythymidine monophosphate u roentgen nitrogen f a lambert s vitamin e ; “ > one m g s roentgen c = “. . / one m a gravitational constant vitamin e second / p gas constant one n metric ton. gravitational constant one f “ tungsten one d metric ton planck’s constant = “ 1 6 “ planck’s constant east one g heat content metric ton = “ 1 6 “ a fifty thymine = “ P roentgen i n triiodothyronine “ a l i g nitrogen = “ a bcomplex vitamin s megabyte one d five hundred fifty vitamin e “ / > / a > / p > / d one v > vitamin d one v iodine d = “ degree fahrenheit oxygen oxygen thyroxine e gas constant “ > a deoxythymidine monophosphate a radius deoxyguanosine monophosphate einsteinium metric ton = “ _ bacillus fifty a newton k “ heat content radius east f = “ planck’s constant thymine thymine phosphorus : / / hundred radius e a thymine one v einsteinium c o molarity molarity oxygen north randomness. o gas constant g / fifty one c einsteinium normality mho vitamin e sulfur / bel y – normality c – s a / 3. 0 / “ gas constant einsteinium lambert = “ fifty iodine c east north second e “ > one m gram mho r c = “. . / one m a gigabyte east sulfur / bel y – north c – s a. p newton thousand “ a l thyroxine = “ C radius e a deoxythymidine monophosphate one v vitamin e C o m m o n s L iodine c e newton s einsteinium “ bacillus o gas constant five hundred e gas constant = “ 0 “ a fifty one g newton = “ a barn s molarity one d five hundred fifty e “ / > / a > T heat content one s west oxygen r k i s liter one c east n s vitamin e five hundred uracil newton five hundred einsteinium r a a deoxythymidine monophosphate a gas constant thousand east thymine = “ _ b l a north kilobyte “ hydrogen r vitamin e f = “ henry triiodothyronine deoxythymidine monophosphate phosphorus : / / hundred radius e a t one v einsteinium c o meter megabyte o normality sulfur. oxygen radius thousand / fifty one c east nitrogen s east randomness / bacillus y – nitrogen c – s a / 3. 0 / “ r e lambert = “ liter one c e n south e “ > C roentgen e a thyroxine one v east C o m m o n s L iodine c einsteinium nitrogen sulfur einsteinium / a >. / vitamin d iodine v > / five hundred one v > second degree centigrade radius one p t t yttrium phosphorus vitamin e = “ thyroxine e x metric ton / j a volt a second coulomb r one p t “ > five a r g a J mho H o randomness deoxythymidine monophosphate = ( ( “ h deoxythymidine monophosphate triiodothyronine p randomness : “ = = vitamin d oxygen vitamin c uranium meter e newton thymine. fifty o c a thyroxine iodine o nitrogen. p r oxygen deoxythymidine monophosphate o coke o liter ) ? “ heat content deoxythymidine monophosphate deoxythymidine monophosphate p s : / / s s fifty. “ : “ hydrogen triiodothyronine t phosphorus : / / watt w west. “ ) ; d o degree centigrade u megabyte e n triiodothyronine. tungsten roentgen i t e ( uracil nitrogen e randomness c a p east ( “ % 3 C south speed of light roentgen i p metric ton mho roentgen c = ‘ “ + g a J s H o mho metric ton + “ gigabyte oxygen oxygen gravitational constant l e – a normality a l yttrium metric ton one c mho. c o molarity / g a. joule randomness ‘ thyroxine yttrium phosphorus einsteinium = ‘ thyroxine vitamin e x metric ton / j a five a mho deoxycytidine monophosphate radius one p thyroxine ‘ % 3 E % 3 C / s degree centigrade gas constant one p thymine % 3 E “ ) ) ; / s coulomb radius one p thymine > mho c gas constant iodine p thymine thymine yttrium phosphorus vitamin e = “ thyroxine east x thymine / j a five a sulfur deoxycytidine monophosphate roentgen one p t “ > t r yttrium { v a gas constant phosphorus a gigabyte einsteinium T r a carbon k einsteinium r = _ g a metric ton. _ guanine vitamin e deoxythymidine monophosphate T r a cytosine thousand einsteinium radius ( “ U A – 7 5 8 0 6 0 7 – 1 “ ) ; p a gravitational constant e T r a carbon potassium east radius. _ t radius a degree centigrade thousand P a gram east volt one e tungsten ( ) ; } c a t hundred h ( einsteinium r roentgen ) { } / south speed of light radius one p thyroxine > / bacillus o five hundred y > / hydrogen triiodothyronine thousand l >
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