Crypto Glossary of Terms And Jargon | CoinMarketCap

S&P 500 (Standard and Poor’s 500)

The Standard and Poor ‘s 500, besides known as S & P 500, is a lineage marketplace index that represents a list of 500 public companies located in the U.S and their performance in the market .

Satoshi (SATS)

The smallest unit of bitcoin with a value of 0.00000001 BTC .

Satoshi Nakamoto

The individual or group of individuals that created Bitcoin .

Scaling Problem

The scale problem is the limitations of a blockchain ‘s transaction throughout and ability to have fast and low hurl transactions.

Scaling Solution

A scale solution is a method acting of enable a system to expand .


A system that is designed to dupe people out of cash or crypto .


Coins that are created as “ get deep quick schemes ” by their developers are referred to as a scamcoin .


A swindler is person that participates in a deceitful outline .


A scholarship is a popular drill in the Axie Infinity universe where managers lend their free Axies to newly players ( scholars ) and earn passively from the struggle rewards .


A calculator script is a list of commands that are executed by a certain program or script language .


An alternative proof-of-work ( PoW ) algorithm to SHA-256, used in Bitcoin mining. Scrypt mining relies more heavily on memory than on pure CPU power, aiming to reduce the advantage that ASICs have and hence increasing net participation and energy efficiency .

Second-Layer Solutions

A fix of solutions built on circus tent of a public blockchain to extend its scalability and efficiency, particularly for micro-transactions or actions. Examples include Plasma, TrueBit, Lightning Network and more .

Secondary Market

A secondary market is a place where investors or traders can buy and sell different kinds of assets or securities that they own, with others .

Secure Element

A secure element is a type of hardware check that runs a intend number of applications .

Secure Multi-Party Computation (sMPC)

SMPC is a subfield of cryptanalysis that allows parties to compute a function while keeping the inputs individual .

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

An independent agency of the United States federal politics, creditworthy for enforcing federal securities laws, proposing securities rules, and regulating the securities industry, the nation ‘s store and options exchanges, and other related activities and organizations .


The term securities refers to a fungible and tradable fiscal instrument that carries a type of monetary measure .

Security Token

A security token is basically a digital class of traditional securities .

Security Token Offering

A security token put up ( STO ) is a public offer where tokenized digital securities are sold .

Seed Phrase

A single start point when deriving keys for a deterministic wallet .

Segregated Witness (SegWit)

A Bitcoin Improvement Proposal ( BIP ) that aimed to fix transaction malleability on Bitcoin .

Selfish Mining

A site in which a miner mines a fresh obstruct but does not broadcast this new parry to the other miners .

Sell Wall

A situation where a big terminus ad quem order has been placed to sell when a cryptocurrency reaches a certain value .

Semantic Web

The ambition of the Semantic Web is to enable computers to manipulate information on our behalf .


settlement refers to the serve in which a drug user executes limit or market orders on an order-book-based DEX .

Settlement Layer

A settlement layer is a layer that basically provides an anchor for an stallion ecosystem .


A cryptanalytic hashish function that generates a 256-bit signature for a textbook, used in Bitcoin proof-of-work ( PoW ) .


basically, a shard is a helping of a blockchain network that has been split into multiple shards, which has its own data .

Shard Chain

In the global of cryptocurrencies, sharding can reduce the network congestion a well as addition transactions per second through the universe of new chains


Sharding is a scale approach path that enables rending of blockchain states into partitions containing states and transaction history, so that each shard can be processed in parallel .

Shelley Phase

The second gear earned run average of Cardano – Shelley Phase is named after Percy Shelley, an english Poet .

Shiba Inu Token (SHIB)

The Shiba Inu nominal ( SHIB ), is a decentralized memecoin based on the Ethereum network .

Shielded Address

A shielded address is generated for a shield transaction, where a payment is made using the blockchain network by keeping the relate data private .


The act of sky-high promoting a cryptocurrency or ICO project .


A mint with no obvious potential value or usage .

SHO (Strong Holder Offering)

A solid holder offer ( SHO ) is a fund-raise mechanism where eligible investors are chosen based on their on-chain activities and other proprietary data sets .


A trading technique in which a trader borrows an asset in order to sell it, with the expectation that the monetary value will continue to decline. In the consequence that the monetary value does decline, the short seller will then buy the asset at this lower monetary value in order to return it to the lender of the asset, making the deviation in profit .

Short Squeeze

A shortstop squeeze is an unusual marketplace condition that causes the price of a mint to rise cursorily, encouraging traders ( who are betting against the price of the nominal ) to buy it to avoid losses .

Side Chain

A blockchain ledger that runs in twin to a primary blockchain, where there is a bipartisan link between the primary coil chain and sidechain .

Side Channel Attack

A side transmit attack is a hacking method that exploits a calculator ’ randomness implicit in “ tells ” that unintentionally convey data .


Signals are a call to action to either buy or sell an asset .

Silk Road

An on-line black grocery store that existed on the dark web, now shut down by the FBI .


A type of victimize that exploits two-factor authentication measures .

Simple Agreement for Future Token (SAFT)

A simple Agreement for Future Token ( SAFT ) is a contractual agreement at the time of plunge of a nominal creating possession rights for token investors at a future date. It is treated by market participants as fiscal security and hence is regulated by the relevant government institutions .

Simplified Payment Verification (SPV)

A lightweight node to verify blockchain transactions .


A platform built on Sia blockchain for decentralized content repositing .


slippage happens when traders have to settle for a unlike price than what they initially requested due to a price drift.

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Slot (Cardano)

The smallest meter menstruation in the Cardano blockchain .

Smart Contract

A fresh contract is a calculator protocol intended to facilitate, verify or enforce a contract on the blockchain without third parties .

Smart Contract Audit

A fresh compress audit is a security check done by cybersecurity professionals meant to ensure that the on-chain code behind a bright contract is barren of bugs or security vulnerabilities .

Smart Home

A fresh home is a engineering that allows to manage and automate family systems, such as lights, doors, thermostats, security alarms, and other associate equipment from a distance .

Smart Token

smart tokens are merely regular tokens that not only transmit value they contain but besides all the information needed to execute a transaction simultaneously .


A snapshot in the blockchain universe is the act of documenting the status of a blockchain at a specific block altitude .

Social Engineering

Social engineering is the habit of misrepresentation to manipulate people into performing an action or giving away their secret information .

Soft Cap

The minimum measure that an initial coin offer ( ICO ) wants to raise .

Soft Fork (Blockchain)

A protocol upgrade where lone previously valid transactions are made disable, with most soft forks requiring miners to upgrade their mine software .

Soft Peg

In finance, a easy peg is a method acting of keeping the respect of a currency within a certain crop against a reserve currency by using an exchange rate regimen .

Software Library

A software library is a collection of code that can be referenced while developing other feasible programs .

Software Stack

Software push-down list refers to a fixed of software products or components that work together to provide a particular officiate .

Software Wallet

A software wallet, besides known as a wallet app, is an application that allows users to HODL, send, and experience cryptocurrencies .


The program language used by Ethereum for developing ache contracts .

Source Code

A collection of lines or computer-executable commands written in a high-level speech is called a source code .


A extra aim learning ship’s company ( SPAC ) is formed by investors in order to publicly list an administration without going through the troubles that come with the traditional IPO march .

Spear Phishing

spear phishing is a individualized, target cyber attack that uses your matter to to trick you into clicking a malicious associate in an electronic mail .

Speculative Investment

notional investment is an investment where the investor expects a high return with a significant hazard of passing .

Spoon (Blockchain)

A hard spoon is a meta-protocol that exists on top of a blockchain .


A contract or transaction buy or selling a cryptocurrency for immediate liquidation, or payment and manner of speaking, of the cryptocurrency on the market .

Spot Market

A public market in which cryptocurrencies are traded for immediate settlement. It contrasts with a futures marketplace, in which colonization is due at a by and by date .

Spot Trading

smudge trade involves the immediate commute of a fiscal instrument at the current price .


Spyware is a malware that records all of the activities on an electronic device .


A cryptocurrency with highly gloomy volatility, sometimes used as a means of portfolio diversification. Examples include gold-backed cryptocurrency or fiat-pegged cryptocurrency .


engagement in a proof-of-stake ( PoS ) system to put your tokens in to serve as a validator to the blockchain and receive rewards .

Staking Pool

Staking Pools allows users to combine their resources in regulate to increase their chances of earning rewards. This mechanism offers more staking world power to the network to verify and validate new blocks .

Stale Block

A freeze which was successfully mined but not included on the stream longest blockchain, normally because another block at the like acme was added to the chain foremost .

State Channel

A second-layer scale solution that reduces the total on-chain transactions necessity, moving the transactions off-chain and letting participants sign to the chief chain after multiple off-chain transactions .

Stochastic Oscillator

A stochastic oscillator is a popular technical indicator used for identifying overbought and oversold stock/asset/cryptocurrency levels that rely on an asset ‘s price history, as it tend to fluctuate within a specific price compass ..

Stop-Loss Order

A stop-loss order in trading allows investors to determine the lowest price at which they are will to sell an asset and trigger an automatic pistol sell order when and if this price is reached .

Storage (Decentralized)

Decentralized storage refers to the concept of storing files online by splitting them into encrypted fragments and delegating these fragments to multiple nodes on a spread network, e.g. a blockchain .

Storage Miners

repositing miners are cryptocurrency miners who rely on offering sufficient storage space for nodes to reach consensus and validate transactions .

Store of Value

A store of value is an asset, commodity or currency that can be saved, retrieved american samoa well as exchanged in the future without it losing any value .

Subgraph Manifest

A part of Subgraph that entails information pertaining to subgraph ’ s data sources, templates, and more .


Substrate is a web app growth framework developed by Parity Technologies .


A supercomputer is a victor version of a general-purpose computer, which has a significantly increased capacity and processing power .

Supply and Demand

supply and demand are the levels in an economy that determine the market ‘s willingness to buy or sell assets or services, respectively .

Supply Chain

A supply chain is the collection of steps that a intersection or military service needs to go through earlier reaching the final examination customer .

Supply Chain Attack

A provision chain attack is a tactic used by hackers to compromise third-party suppliers to major corporations, governments and organizations to gain valuable information .


A pour is a group of peers that are sharing the like flood .

Swing Failure Pattern (SFP)

A swing failure pattern ( SFP ) is a course reversal index that can be used to discover a failing in the current tendency and identify early reversal signs .

Swing Trading

Swing trade is a market trade proficiency that aims to profit from short to medium-term price changes in stocks, commodities, and/or currencies over a period of days or weeks.

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Sybil Attack

Sybil attacks undermine an on-line network by creating many IDs, accounts or nodes to upset the counterweight of office .


The ticker of a cryptocurrency ; for exemplar, Bitcoin ‘s symbol is BTC .

Synthetic Asset

synthetic assets, sometimes referred to as synths, are a combination of cryptocurrencies and traditional derived function assets. In other words, synths are tokenized derivatives .

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