|Centenary and bicentenary 5 peso coins|
|An incomplete collection|
|Measurements and composition|
|Composition||bimetallistic : aluminum-bronze center, stainless steel steel resound|
|Obverse||coat of arms of Mexico, country deed|
|Reverse||Patriot or revolutionary, respect, year|
|v · d · e|
The Mexican centenary and bicentenary 5 peso coins make up a series of commemorative coins issued by the United Mexican States from 2008 to 2010 in celebration of the two-hundredth anniversary of the Mexican War of Independence ( 1810–1821 ) and the hundredth anniversary of the mexican Revolution ( 1910–1920 ). A sum of 37 pieces were coined, each in honor of a different person .
Each of the coins is bimetallistic, bearing a center composed of an aluminum-bronze debase and a call made of stainless steel sword. The coins have a mass of 7.07 grams, a diameter of 26 millimeters, and a thickness of 2 millimeters. They have coin alignment and a complain edge, and like most coins, are round in shape. Featured in the aluminum-bronze center of the obverse are the primary features of the coat of arms of Mexico – which consists of a left-facing Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ) perched on a bristly pear cactus ( Opuntia ) while devouring a snake ( Serpentes ). At the penetrate of the arms, which is engraved in the stainless steel sword extinct closed chain, are oak ( Quercus ) and laurel branches tied together by a decoration. Printed along the upper rim of the coin, in the outer band, is the spanish state title of Mexico, “ ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS ” ( english : “ United Mexican States ” ), which commences in an up direction at the entrust periphery, arches down at the top of the part, and concludes at the right rim. Depending on whether the coin was issued for the centennial of the Revolution or the bicentennial of independence, either a patriot or a revolutionist is displayed in the middle of the reverse. On a majority of the pieces ( 23 ), the prize “ $ 5 ” is inscribed to the leave of the commemorate person ‘s likeness, while the “ Mo ” mint stigmatize of the Mexican Mint and the year of minting are struck to the right of the image. however, a significant number ( 13 ) are oriented with the class and mint punctuate on the leave and the value on the veracious. The merely exception to both orientations is the 2008 coin of Pancho Villa ( 1878–1923 ), which shows the respect and year above his prototype and the mint cross off to the left. On all of the pieces, a caption is arched around the boundary of the aluminum-bronze center. Coins commemorating the mexican Revolution bear the text “ CENTENARIO DE LA REVOLUCIÓN ” ( english : “ Centenary of the Revolution ” ) along the upper rim, whereas those celebrating mexican independence have the caption “ BICENTENARIO DE LA INDEPENDENCIA ” ( english : “ Bicentenary of Independence ” ). Both inscriptions begin upwards at the left periphery, arch downward at the lead of the mint, and conclude at the piece ‘s correct limit. “ MÉXICO 2010 ” is printed at the very bottom of the obverse, separated from the legend above it by two bullet train points .
The first thirteen coins of the series were issued in 2008 ; of them, seven commemorate individuals related to the Mexican War of Independence and six observe people of the mexican Revolution. The patriots featured include Carlos María de Bustamante ( 1774–1848 ), a noteworthy participant in the War of Independence ; Hermenegildo Galeana ( 1762–1814 ), a hero and deputy of the war ; Mariana Matamoros ( 1770–1814 ), a Catholic priest and rebel deputy general ; Francisco Javier Mina ( 1789–1817 ), a spanish -born lawyer and army officeholder who, opposed to the absolute rule of King Ferdinand VII ( 1784–1833 ), aided guerrilla forces in the War of Independence ; Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos ( 1760–1808 ), a lawyer and politician who openly supported mexican independence and was late executed for his statements against the King ; Miguel Ramos Arizpe ( 1775–1843 ), a mexican politician who was imprisoned for opposing the absolutist rule of Ferdinand and late served as a justice minister in independent Mexico ; and Ignacio López Rayón ( 1773–1832 ), a leader of the Mexican War of Independence. Revolutionaries commemorated include Ricardo Flores Magón ( 1874–1922 ), a reform activist who fought against the politics ; Heriberto Jara Corona ( 1879–1968 ), a revolutionist who served as the Governor of Veracruz and helped draft the 1917 Mexican Constitution ; Francisco J. Múgica ( 1884–1954 ), a celebrated revolutionary and Governor of Tabasco and Michoacán ; Álvaro Obregón ( 1880–1928 ), a rotatory who would finally serve as President of Mexico ; José Vasconcelos ( 1882–1959 ), a politician who opposed the regimen of Victoriano Huerta ( 1850–1916 ) ; and Pancho Villa ( 1878–1923 ), the general of the revolutionist Villistas.
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In 2009, another thirteen coins were produced, six commemorating the Mexican War of Independence and seven celebrating the mexican Revolution. Patriots depicted on the coins of this year include Nicolás Bravo ( 1786–1854 ), a celebrated combatant in the War of Independence and a belated President of Mexico ; José María Cos ( c. 1770–1819 ), a long-familiar guerrilla ; Agustín de Iturbide ( 1783–1824 ), a cosmopolitan who late became the sole sovereign of the first gear Mexican Empire ; Servando Teresa de Mier ( 1765–1827 ), an recommend and insurgent for mexican independence ; Pedro Moreno ( 1775–1817 ), an insurgent who rallied against spanish principle in Mexico ; and Leona Vicario ( 1789–1842 ), a supporter of mexican independence who provided rebels with intelligence and money during the war. The revolutionary leaders commemorated on the coins are Luis Cabrera Lobato ( 1876–1954 ), a politician and writer who opposed the government of President Porfirio Díaz ( 1830–1915 ) ; Belisario Domínguez ( 1863–1913 ), a politician who spoke out against Victoriano Huerta and was subsequently executed for expressing his sentiments ; Eulalio Gutiérrez ( 1881–1939 ), a combatant in the mexican Revolution and short-serving President of Mexico ; Filomeno Mata ( 1845–1911 ), a supporter of the campaigning of Francisco Madero ( 1873–1913 ) at the beginning of the revolution ; Andrés Molina Enríquez ( 1865–1940 ), an author whose influential 1909 fresh, Los Grandes Problemas Nacionales ( The Great National Problems ), was highly critical of the Díaz regimen ; Otilio Montaño Sánchez ( 1887–1917 ), a cosmopolitan of the Liberation Army of the South ; and María del Carmen Serdán ( 1875–1948 ), a sympathizer for the causal agent of Francisco Madero .
The concluding eleven centennial and bicentennial 5 colombian peso coins were issued in 2010 ; of these football team pieces, six commemorated the War of Independence and five celebrated the mexican Revolution. The six patriots featured on the 2010 coins are Ignacio Allende ( 1769–1811 ), a captain of the spanish Army who came to sympathize with and join the mexican independence movement ; Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez ( 1773–1829 ), a conspirator whose base was the meeting place of mexican insurgents in the early stages of the war ; Vicente Guerrero ( 1782–1831 ), a leading insurgent general ; Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla ( 1753–1811 ), a big leader of mexican independence who is nowadays hailed as the “ Father of Mexico “ for his contributions ; José María Morelos ( 1765–1815 ), a maverick leader who assumed leadership of the mexican independence drift after the death of Hidalgo ; and Guadalupe Victoria ( 1786–1843 ), a military officeholder who became the beginning President of Mexico following the abdication of Iturbide in 1823. Adelitas, women who served in the mexican Revolution, are honored on one of the centennial 5 philippine peso coins, vitamin a well as Venustiano Carranza ( 1859–1920 ), a revolutionary general who opposed the regimes of Díaz and Huerta and finally became President of Mexico ; Francisco Madero ( 1873–1913 ), a leader who fought against Díaz and served concisely as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913 ; José María Pino Suárez ( 1869–1913 ), the Vice President of Mexico under Francisco Madero ; and Emiliano Zapata ( 1879–1919 ), the founder and leader of the Liberation Army of the South .
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