Jimmy Carter was the 39th president of the United States ( 1977–81 ). He served as the state ’ south chief administrator during a time of serious problems at home and abroad. summary Jimmy Carter, in entire James Earl Carter, Jr., ( yield October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia, U.S. ), 39th president of the United States ( 1977–81 ), who served as the country ’ second headman executive during a meter of serious problems at home plate and abroad. His perceive inability to deal successfully with those problems led to an overpowering defeat in his invite for reelection. however, for his work in diplomacy and advocacy, both during and after his presidency, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2002 .
Early life and political career
The son of Earl Carter, a peanut warehouser who had served in the Georgia state of matter legislature, and Lillian Gordy Carter, a register nurse who went to India as a Peace Corps volunteer at long time 68, Carter attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology before graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, in 1946. After marrying Rosalynn Smith ( Rosalynn Carter ) —who came from Carter ’ s small hometown, Plains, Georgia—he embarked on a seven-year career in the U.S. Navy, serving submarine duty for five years. He was preparing to become an mastermind policeman for the submarine Seawolf in 1953 when his church father died. Carter resigned his perpetration and returned to Georgia to manage the family peanut farm operations .
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Beginning his political career by serving on the local board of education, Carter won election as a Democrat to the Georgia state united states senate in 1962 and was reelected in 1964. In 1966 he failed in a bid for the governorship and, depressed by this have, found solace in Evangelical Christianity, becoming a born-again Baptist. Prior to running again for governor and winning in 1970, Carter at least tacitly adhered to a segregator overture. however, in his inaugural address he announced that “ the time for racial discrimination is over ” and proceeded to open Georgia ’ sulfur government offices to Blacks—and to women. As governor, he reorganized the existing tangle of state agencies and consolidated them into larger units while introducing rigorous budget procedures for them. In the summons he came to national attention, finding his way onto the cover of Time magazine as a symbol of both well government and the “ New South. ”Jimmy Carter: state senate campaign poster Campaign post horse for one of Jimmy Carter ‘s successful runs for the Georgia department of state senate .Jimmy Carter Library
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In 1974, barely before his terminus as governor ended, Carter announced his campaigning for the democratic nomination for president. Although lacking a national political base or major back, he managed through hardworking and systematic campaign to assemble a wide constituency. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, which had raised widespread concern about the power of the presidency and the integrity of the administrator outgrowth, Carter styled himself as an foreigner to Washington, D.C., a man of hard principles who could restore the faith of the american people in their leaders. ironically, Carter ’ s moral position and fairness caused a little arouse when, during the campaign, he admitted in an interview with Playboy magazine that he had “ committed adultery in [ his ] heart many times. ” Get a Britannica Premium subscription and acquire access to exclusive content. Subscribe nowadays
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Jimmy Carter: Democratic presidential nomination acceptance speech Jimmy Carter delivering his acceptance language as the Democratic Party ‘s campaigner in the 1976 U.S. presidential election .Public Domain Winning the democratic nomination in July 1976, Carter chose the liberal Sen. Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his running mate. Carter ’ s opponent was the unelected incumbent Republican president, Gerald R. Ford, who had come into position in 1974 when Richard Nixon resigned in the aftermath of Watergate. many believed that the cheeseparing race tipped in Carter ’ s favour after Ford stumbled in a telecast argue by saying that easterly Europe was not dominated by the Soviet Union. In November 1976 the Carter-Mondale slate won the election, capturing 51 percentage of the popular vote and garnering 297 electoral votes to Ford ’ s 240 .American presidential election, 1976 Results of the american presidential election, 1976. source : office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter ( left ) and U.S. Pres. Gerald Ford in the first of three telecast debates during the 1976 presidential crusade .AP Images