The Importance of Coin Grading

As coin roll up gained momentum during the early 1900s, the condition of a mint, along with its rarity, basically determined its value as is the case today. And over the years, coin grading evolved to a system of all right and fine grade distinctions. The trouble was the much subjective assignment of “ grades ” by different coin dealers .
When the rare coin marketplace was limited to a small number of numismatists trading with each other, three broad definitions were enough to determine degree : “ good ” – a mint with most of the detail intact ; “ Fine ” – a mint with pass detail and some luster on its surfaces ; and “ Uncirculated ” – a coin which had never been in general circulation and consequently retained its Mint State condition .
As the market grew, collectors realized that some “ fine ” coins were finer than others. even some uncirculated coins rose above the rest in detail, luster, and general appearance. soon terms such as “ very fine ” and “ extra Fine ” began to emerge, as collectors sought to far define the condition of their coins and increase their prize. In 1948, Dr. William Sheldon, a celebrated numismatist, developed the Sheldon Scale, assigning grades from “ 1 ” through “ 70 ” to coins on the theory that a “ 70 ” would be worth 70 times vitamin a much as a “ 1. ”
Although mint collectors agreed on the scale, they could not agree on the standard, and assigning a Sheldon Scale grade to any given coin was distillery a matter of subjective opinion.

The Need for a Universal Standard

In 1985, a humble group of the nation ‘s lead rare coin experts recognized that for the rare mint industry to realize its likely, several good problems needed to be addressed .
market participants soon became mindful that one of the fundamental factors in determining rare mint values is the physical condition, or degree, of the mint. They learned that a mint graded Mint State 65, for model, may have market prize many times greater than the same coin graded Mint State 64, even though the remainder in an MS65 coin and an MS64 coin may be virtually undetectable to the untrained eye. A coin sold by one dealer as an MS65 could be sold by another trader as an MS64 ( or less ). In some cases a coin buyer could be victimized by product falsification. In other cases, he was caught in the middle of a dilemma of wide-ranging definitions due to the absence of a true standard. In early words, they were merely caught in the middle of divergent definitions due to the absence of a universal joint standard .

The PCGS Solution

Over the course of many months of meetings, the blueprint for the Professional Coin Grading Service evolved .
The advent of the third-party appraisal of a coin ‘s physical condition, backed by a guarantee, and a national network of reputable coin dealers could provide an extremely dependable shape of protective covering for rare coin collectors. PCGS would create a climate in which consumers could participate in the coin market with greater confidence .
The PCGS grade concept would revolutionize the rare coin industry .

The Highest Standards for Your Coins

The Professional Coin Grading Service began serving the coin-buying public on February 3, 1986 .
PCGS is responsible for dramatic improvements throughout the rare coin diligence which have constantly changed the way rare coins are bought and sold. In summation to standardized grade, PCGS offered a cash-back grade guarantee, problem-free coins, condom long-run storage, and sight-unseen trade. together, these elements have created unprecedented public support for the rare mint industry .
Since 1986, PCGS has been accepted as the industry standard for the third-party certification of rare coins .

Encapsulation and Long-Term Storage

PCGS pioneered the tamper-evident, sonically-sealed, high-security capsule as a method of reinforcing its guarantee of Grade & Authenticity. In addition, the alone documentation number permanently sealed inside each mint capsule may be utilized by the coin ‘s owner as a dependable means of identification after the PCGS mint re-enters the marketplace .
evenly significant, PCGS ‘s durable plastic holder provides optimum security for safe, long-run storage of rare coins .

PCGS Guarantee of Grade & Authenticity

Customer Bill of Rights

The Guarantee of Grade & Authenticity is fundamental to PCGS ‘s concept of third-party grade. The cash-back policy ensures the accuracy of the grade assigned to any PCGS coin vitamin a long as it remains in its tamper-evident holder. If a coin is believed to be improperly graded, and a discrepancy is found when resubmitted through PCGS ‘s Downgrade Resubmission serve, the guarantee entitles the coin ‘s owner to options designed for his auspices .
All coins encapsulated by PCGS are guaranteed to be Genuine. PCGS will now encapsulate some problem coins as “ Genuine ” without grading them. These coins are labeled Genuine not Gradable. ” For a complete list of PCGS grades, see our Grading Standards foliate. far information on PCGS Genuine services may be found in the Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQs ) .

Behind the Scenes at PCGS

PCGS graders are selected from an elite group of first numismatic experts. Each grader is experienced not lone in the PCGS rate standards, but besides in the proper handling of all numismatic items .
During scaling, each mint is cautiously and independently examined. PCGS utilizes a grading scale based on published standards and an extensive grade fructify of coins .
once the grade process is complete, the mint is sonically sealed inside a clear, tamper-evident coin capsule that protects the coin and allows optimum watch of both the obverse and invert .
finally, it is returned to the rate room for confirmation by another expert. only after this final verification is the mint returned to the market with its guaranteed PCGS grade .


Each coin received by PCGS is cautiously checked against its incoming submission invoice for accuracy. A singular certificate number is then assigned from the PCGS computer inventory system. This important process enables PCGS to methodically track coins through every step of the grade march. numerical label combined with generic packaging besides assures anonymity as each mint enters the grade room .

Grading Room

The PCGS grading room is home to many of the global ‘s most knowledgeable and experienced numismatists. Each technical works independently in a controlled environment which provides optimum conditions for studying the characteristics and physical condition of each coin. A series of graders enters freelancer determinations in a calculator database until a consensus is reached and the final grade assigned. In addition to their high level of prepare, graders rely on our comprehensive examination grading sets of U.S. and external coins to supplement PCGS ‘s grading standard .

Coin Encapsulation

once graded, each coin is sonically sealed inside its protective, tamper-evident PCGS NumisCap holder. A special label within the holder indicates the coin ‘s authentication number, rate, date, denomination, unique bar code and pedigree if applicable .

Final Verification

As a final quality manipulate match, all PCGS-graded coins go back to the grading room for inspection by a “ verify ” grader. The voucher carefully examines each coin through its tamper-evident holder to ensure the integrity of the sealed capsule, and to check the accuracy of all documentation information.


From the moment your coins arrive at our facilities until they are returned to you, PCGS takes capital care to ensure the guard of your valuables. In addition to being covered by our liability indemnity while on our premises, your coins are farther protected by our highly- aim security system personnel and state-of-the-art security systems. Each of these components reinforces our commitment to protecting your coins throughout the rate work .

International Coins

today, alien coins offer a “ world ” of options for investors and collectors as the rare coin marketplace grows to global proportions .
PCGS certifies coins from over 100 countries including United States, Japan, Germany, New Zealand, Poland, Switzerland, Great Britain, France, Italy, China, Spain, Greece, Mexico, Russia, Canada, India, Hong Kong, Philippines, Australia, Singapore and african countries. PCGS standardized grading has constantly changed the march of buying and selling coins, increasing confidence in buyers and sellers around the world .

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