presidential primaries and caucuses were organized by the democratic Party to select the 4,051 delegates to the 2016 democratic National Convention held July 25–28 and determine the campaigner for president in the 2016 United States presidential election. The elections took set within all fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, five U.S. territories, and Democrats Abroad and occurred between February 1 and June 14, 2016 .
A total of six major candidates entered the race starting April 12, 2015, when former Secretary of State and New York Senator Hillary Clinton formally announced her moment bid for the presidency. She was followed by Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, early Governor of Maryland Martin O’Malley, erstwhile Governor of Rhode Island Lincoln Chafee, former Virginia Senator Jim Webb and Harvard Law Professor Lawrence Lessig. A draft apparent motion was started to encourage Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren to seek the presidency, but Warren declined to run, as did incumbent Vice President Joe Biden. Webb, Chafee, and Lessig withdrew anterior to the February 1, 2016, Iowa caucuses. [ 2 ] [ 3 ]
Clinton won Iowa by the closest margin in the history of the express ‘s democratic caucus to date. O’Malley suspended [ b ] his political campaign after a aloof third-place finish, leaving Clinton and Sanders as the only two candidates. The subspecies turned out to be more competitive than expected, with Sanders decisively winning New Hampshire, while Clinton subsequently won Nevada and won a landslide victory in South Carolina. Clinton then secured numerous authoritative wins in each of the nine most populous states including California, New York, Florida, and Texas, while Sanders scored assorted victories in between. He then laid off a majority of staff after the New York chief and Clinton ‘s multi-state brush on April 26. [ 5 ] On June 6, the Associated Press and NBC News stated that Clinton had become the presumptive campaigner after reaching the command number of delegates, including both pledged and unengaged delegates ( superdelegates ), to secure the nomination. In doing so, she became the first woman to ever be the presumptive campaigner of any major political party in the United States. [ 6 ] On June 7, Clinton officially secured a majority of pledged delegates after winning in the California and New Jersey primaries. [ 7 ] President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Senator Elizabeth Warren formally endorsed Clinton on June 9. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Sanders confirmed on June 24 that he would vote for Clinton over Donald Trump in the general election [ 10 ] and formally endorsed Clinton on July 12 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. [ 11 ] On July 22, WikiLeaks published the democratic National Committee email leak, in which DNC operatives seemed to deride Bernie Sanders ‘ political campaign [ 12 ] and discuss ways to advance Clinton ‘s nominating speech, [ 13 ] leading to the resignation of DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz and other implicated officials. The leak was allegedly partially of an operation by the russian government to undermine Hillary Clinton. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] Although the ensuing controversy initially focused on emails that dated from relatively late in the primary, when Clinton was already close to securing the nomination, [ 13 ] the emails cast doubt on the DNC ‘s neutrality and, according to Sanders operatives and multiple media commentators, showed that the DNC had favored Clinton since early on. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ] This was evidenced by allege bias in the schedule and conduct of the debates, [ c ] ampere well as controversial DNC–Clinton agreements regarding fiscal arrangements and control over policy and rent decisions. [ d ] early media commentators have disputed the significance of the emails, arguing that the DNC ‘s internal preference for Clinton was not historically unusual and did not affect the elementary adequate to sway the result. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] [ 30 ] [ 31 ] The controversies ultimately led to the formation of a DNC “ one ” commission to recommend reforms in the party ‘s primary process. [ 32 ] [ 33 ] On July 26, 2016, the democratic National Convention officially nominated Clinton for president [ 34 ] and a day late, Virginia Senator Tim Kaine for frailty president of the united states. [ 35 ] On November 8, 2016, Republican campaigner Donald Trump defeated Clinton in the general election, though Clinton won the popular vote .
campaigner [edit ]
Withdrew at the convention [edit ]
Withdrew during the primaries [edit ]
Withdrew before the primaries [edit ]
The follow candidates were frequently interviewed by newsworthiness channels and were invited to forums and campaigner debates. For reference, Clinton received 16,849,779 votes in the primaries .
other candidates participated in one or more state of matter primaries without receiving major coverage or substantial vote counts .
timeline [edit ]
background [edit ]
Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in April 2015 In the weeks following the re-election of President Obama in the 2012 election, media guess regarding potential candidates for the democratic presidential nominating speech in the 2016 presidential election began to circulate. The speculation centered on the prospects of Clinton, then- Secretary of State, making a second presidential offer in the 2016 election. Clinton had previously served as a U.S. Senator for New York ( 2001–09 ) and was the First Lady of the U.S. ( 1993–2001 ). [ 49 ] [ 50 ] A January 2013 Washington Post – ABC News pate indicated that she had high popularity among the american public. [ 51 ] [ 52 ] This poll information prompted numerous political pundits and observers to anticipate that Clinton would mount a second presidential wish in 2016, entering the slipstream as the early front-runner for the democratic nomination. [ 53 ] From the party ‘s liberal left wing came calls for a more progressive campaigner to challenge what was perceived by many within this section as the party ‘s institution. [ 54 ] Elizabeth Warren cursorily became a highly boast figure within this motion ampere well as the object of a enlist movement to run in the primaries, [ 55 ] despite her duplicate denials of interest in doing so. [ 54 ] [ 56 ] The MoveOn.org crusade ‘Run Warren Run ‘ announced that it would disband on June 8, 2015, opting to focus its efforts toward progressive issues. [ 57 ] The draft campaign ‘s New Hampshire staff member, Kurt Ehrenberg, had joined Sanders ‘ team and most of the remaining staffers were expected to follow suit. [ 58 ] Given the historical leaning for sitting frailty presidents to seek the presidency in election cycles in which the incumbent president is not a candidate, there was besides considerable meditation regarding a potential presidential test by incumbent Vice President Joe Biden, [ 59 ] [ 60 ] who had previously campaigned for the democratic presidential nomination in the election cycles of 1988 and 2008. [ 61 ] This speculation was further fueled by Biden ‘s own expressions of matter to in a possible run in 2016. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] however, on October 21, 2015, speaking from a dais in the Rose Garden with his wife and President Obama by his side, Biden announced his decision not to enter the race, as he was hush dealing with the loss of his son, Beau, who died weeks earlier at the old age of 47. Biden would become the campaigner for the Democratic Party four years late in the 2020 presidential election where he would go on to become the 46th President of the United States after defeating incumbent president of the united states Donald Trump in the cosmopolitan election. [ 63 ] [ 64 ] [ 65 ]
On May 26, 2015, Sanders officially announced his move as a presidential candidate for the democratic nominating speech, after an informal announcement on April 30 and guess since early 2014. [ 66 ] [ 67 ] [ 68 ] Sanders had previously served as Mayor of Burlington, Vermont ( 1981–89 ), Vermont ‘s exclusive U.S. Representative ( 1991–2007 ) and Vermont ‘s junior Senator ( 2007–present ). [ 69 ] He emerged as the biggest rival to Hillary Clinton in the democratic primaries, backed by a potent grassroots campaign and a social media following. [ 70 ] In November 2014, Jim Webb, a former U.S. Senator who had once served as the U.S. Secretary of the Navy during the Reagan administration, announced the formation of an exploratory committee in formulation for a possible run for the democratic presidential nomination. [ 71 ] This made Webb the first gear major potential candidate to take a courtly action toward seeking the party ‘s 2016 nominating speech. [ 71 ] Martin O’Malley, former Governor of Maryland equally well as a erstwhile mayor of Baltimore, made formal steps toward a campaign for the party ‘s nomination in January 2015 with the rent and retain of personnel who had served the previous year as political operatives in Iowa – the inaugural presidential nominating country in the primary elections cycle – as staff for his political natural process committee ( PAC ). O’Malley had started the “ O ’ Say Can You See ” PAC in 2012 which had, prior to 2015, functioned chiefly as fund-raise vehicles for assorted democratic candidates, angstrom well as for two 2014 ballot measures in Maryland. [ 72 ] With the 2015 staffing moves, the PAC apparently became a vehicle for O’Malley – who had for several months openly contemplated a presidential bid – to lay the basis for a potential campaign for the party ‘s presidential nominating speech. [ 73 ] In August 2015, Lawrence Lessig by chance announced his purpose to enter the race, promising to run if his exploratory committee raised $ 1 million by Labor Day. [ 74 ] [ 75 ] After accomplishing this, Lessig formally announced his campaign. [ 76 ] He described his campaigning as a referendum on electoral reform legislation, prioritizing a individual issue : the Citizen Equality Act of 2017, a proposal that couples campaign finance reform with early laws aimed at curbing gerrymander and ensuring voting entree. [ 77 ] [ 78 ]
overview [edit ]
February 2016 : early primaries [edit ]
Despite being heavily favored in polls issued weeks earlier, Clinton was only able to defeat Sanders in the first-in-the-nation Iowa Caucus by the closest margin in the history of the contest : 49.8 % to 49.6 % ( Clinton collected 700.47 state delegate equivalents to Sanders ‘ 696.92, a deviation of one-fourth of a share point ). [ 79 ] This led to speculation that she won due to six coin-toss tiebreakers all resulting in her favor. however, the only challenge to the caucus ‘ results was in a single precinct, which gave Clinton a one-fifth delegate. [ 80 ]
|February 9||New Hampshire||38.0%||60.4%|
|February 27||South Carolina||73.5%||26.0%|
The victory, which was projected to award her 23 pledge national convention delegates ( two more than Sanders ), made Clinton the first woman to win the Caucus and marked a clean deviation from 2008, where she finished in third locate behind Obama and John Edwards. [ 81 ] [ 82 ] [ 83 ] [ 84 ] Martin O’Malley suspended [ b ] his political campaign after a disappoint third-place finish with lone 0.5 % of the state delegate equivalents awarded, leaving Clinton and Sanders the only two major candidates in the race. [ 85 ] A week by and by, Sanders won the New Hampshire elementary, receiving 60.4 % of the popular vote to Clinton ‘s 38 %, putting him ahead of Clinton in the overall pledge delegate count by four, and making him the first jewish campaigner of a major party to win a primary coil. [ 86 ] [ 87 ] [ 88 ] Hillary Clinton ‘s loss in New Hampshire was a regression from 2008, when she defeated Obama, Edwards, and a handful of early candidates including Joe Biden with 39 % of the popular vote. [ 89 ]
Sanders ‘ pin down loss in Iowa and victory in New Hampshire generated guess about a potential personnel casualty for Clinton in Nevada, the adjacent state to hold its caucuses on February 20. [ 90 ] [ 91 ] For her separate, Clinton, who had won the state eight years prior in the 2008 Nevada democratic caucuses, hoped that a victory would allay concerns about a possible repetition of 2008 when she ultimately lost to Obama despite entering the primary season as the darling for the nomination. [ 92 ] ultimately, Clinton emerged victorious with 52.6 % of the county delegates, a allowance of victory like to her performance in 2008. [ 93 ] Sanders, who attained 47.3 % of the right to vote, was projected to receive five fewer toast delegates than Clinton and the result was not promising for the following weekend ‘s primary in South Carolina, more demographically favorable to Clinton than the anterior contests. On February 27, Clinton won the South Carolina primary with 73.5 % of the vote, receiving a larger percentage of the african American vote than Barack Obama had eight years early – 90 % to Obama ‘s 80 %. [ 94 ]
March 1, 2016 : super Tuesday [edit ]
hillary Clinton during a rally, in March 2016 The 2016 chief schedule was significantly different from that of 2008. During that election hertz, many states moved their primaries or caucuses to earlier in the calendar to have greater influence over the subspecies. In 2008, February 5 was the earliest date allowed by the democratic National Committee, leading 23 states and territories to move their elections to that date, the biggest extremely Tuesday to always take place. For 2016, the calendar was more disparate than it was in 2008, with several groups of states voting on different dates, the most crucial being March 1, March 15, April 26 and June 7. The day with the most contests was March 1, 2016, in which primaries or caucuses were held in 11 states ( including six in the Southern United States ) and american Samoa. A entire of 865 pledge delegates were at interest. Clinton secured victories in all of the southerly contests except Oklahoma. Her biggest victory of the day came in Alabama, where she won 77.8 % of the vote against Sanders ‘ 19.2 %, although her most significant delegate trophy came from Texas, where she received 65.2 % of the vote with firm support from colored a well as ashen voters. jointly, the southerly states gave Clinton a net gain of 165 pledge delegates. [ 95 ] Apart from the South, Clinton besides narrowly get the better of Sanders in Massachusetts, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as winning in the territory of american Samoa. Sanders scored comfortable wins in the Minnesota and Colorado caucuses and Oklahoma primary and won an 86.1 % –13.6 % landslide in his home department of state of Vermont – one of entirely two times either of the two main candidates missed the 15 % threshold in a state or territory, with the U.S. Virgin Islands, where Clinton received all over 87 % of the vote, being the other one. Although the results overall were unfavorable for Sanders, his four wins and narrow loss allowed him to remain in the slipstream in anticipation of more golden territory in New England, the Great Plains, Mountain States and the Pacific Northwest. [ 96 ] At the end of the day, Clinton collected 518 pledged delegates to Sanders ‘ 347, taking her lead to 609–412, a difference of 197 pledge delegates. [ 97 ]
mid-march contests [edit ]
Sanders found more hospitable ground on the weekend of March 5, 2016, winning caucuses in Kansas, Maine and Nebraska by significant margins. Clinton answered with an evening larger win in Louisiana ‘s primary, limiting Sanders ‘ net gain for the weekend to entirely four delegates. Clinton would besides win the Northern Mariana Islands caucus, held the following weekend on March 12. Two states had held nominate contests on March 8 – Michigan and Mississippi – with Clinton heavy favored to win both. [ 98 ] [ 99 ] Mississippi went for Clinton, as expected, by a landslide gross profit. The Mississippi primary was the highest vote share Clinton won in any country. however, Sanders stunned by scoring a narrow win in Michigan. [ 100 ] Analysts floated a number of theories to explain the bankruptcy of the Michigan poll, with most centering on pollsters ‘ erroneous assumptions about the composition of the electorate stemming from the 2008 primary in Michigan not having been contested due to an deadlock between the express party and DNC. [ 101 ] [ 102 ] [ 103 ] Although Clinton expanded her delegate lead, some journalists suggested Sanders ‘ disquieted might presage her defeat in early delegate-rich Midwestern states, [ 104 ] such as Missouri, Ohio and Illinois, who voted a week later on March 15, along with North Carolina and Florida, where Clinton was more distinctly favored. [ 105 ] [ 106 ] Clinton was able to sweep all five primaries, extending her toast delegate jumper cable by around 100 delegates, although Sanders was able to hold Clinton to narrow margins in her birth-state of Illinois and specially Missouri, where Clinton won by a bare 0.2 points. [ 107 ] Missouri country jurisprudence allowed for a potential recount had any of the candidates requested it ; however, Sanders forwent the opportunity on the footing that it would not significantly affect the delegate allotment. [ 108 ] [ 109 ] By the end of the evening, Clinton had expanded her toast delegate jumper cable to more than 320, several times larger than her greatest deficit in the 2008 primary coil. [ citation needed ]
deep March and early April [edit ]
Following the March 15 primaries, the slipstream moved to a series of contests more favorable for Sanders. On March 21, the results of the Democrats Abroad chief ( held March 1–8 ) were announced. Sanders was victorious and picked up nine delegates to Clinton ‘s four, closing his delegate deficit by five. [ 110 ] Arizona, Idaho and Utah held primaries on March 22, dubbed “ westerly Tuesday ” by media. [ 111 ] Despite continued efforts by Sanders to close the gap in Arizona after his surprise win in Michigan, Clinton won the primary with 56.3 % of the vote. [ 112 ] however, Clinton lost both Idaho and Utah by roughly 60 points, allowing Sanders to close his delegate deficit by 25. [ 113 ] [ 114 ]
Sanders speaks in Seattle Washington, March 2016 The next states to vote were Alaska, Hawaii and Washington on March 26, 2016. [ 115 ] All three states were considered as favorable for Sanders, and most political analysts expected him to win them all, given the demographics and Sanders ‘ firm performance in previous caucuses. [ 115 ] Sanders finished the day with a net reach of approximately 66 delegates over Clinton. His largest succeed was in Alaska, where he defeated Clinton with 82 % of the vote, although the majority of his delegate gain came from the well more populous state of Washington, which he won by a 46 % gross profit, outperforming then-Senator Obama ‘s 2008 results, when he defeated Clinton 68 % –31 %. [ 116 ] [ 117 ] The Clinton and Sanders campaigns reached an agreement on April 4 for a ninth debate to take space on April 14 ( five days before the New York primary ) in Brooklyn, New York, which would air on CNN and NY1. [ 118 ] On April 5, Sanders won the Wisconsin primary by 13 and 1/2 percentage points, closing his delegate deficit by 10 more. The wyoming caucuses were held on April 9, which Sanders won with 55.7 % of the state convention delegates choosing him ; however, Clinton had a stronger showing than expected, given her demographic disadvantage and that she did not campaign personally in the state of matter. Each candidate was estimated to have earned 7 of Wyoming ‘s 14 pledge delegates. [ 119 ]
late April and May [edit ]
On April 19, Clinton won New York by 16 points. While Sanders performed well in Upstate New York and with younger voters, Clinton performed well among all other age groups and non-whites, and she won a majority in all boroughs of New York City. [ 120 ] Five Northeastern states held primaries a week late on April 26. The day was dubbed the “ Super Tuesday III ” or the “ Acela Primary ” after Amtrak ‘s Acela Express train servicing that connects these states. [ 121 ] Clinton won in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Connecticut while Sanders won the Rhode Island primary. On May 3, Sanders pulled off a surprise victory in the Indiana primary, winning over Clinton by a five-point margin despite trailing in all the express ‘s polls. [ 122 ] Clinton then won the Guam caucus on May 7 [ 123 ] and, on May 10, she won the non-binding Nebraska primary [ 124 ] while Sanders won in West Virginia. Clinton narrowly won Kentucky on May 17 by half a share point and gained one delegate, after heavy campaigning in the state. On the same day, Sanders won his second closed primary in Oregon where he gained nine delegates, a web acquire of eight on the day. Clinton then went on to win the non-binding Washington primary on May 24. [ 125 ]
June contests [edit ]
June contained the final contests of the democratic primaries, and both Sanders and Clinton invested heavily into winning the California primary. Clinton led the polls in California but some predicted a minute slipstream. [ 126 ] On June 4 and 5, Clinton won two decisive victories in the Virgin Islands caucus [ 127 ] and Puerto Rico primary. [ 128 ] On June 6, both the Associated Press and NBC News reported that Clinton had sufficient support from pledged and unengaged delegates to become the presumptive democratic campaigner. [ 129 ] Clinton ‘s campaign seemed reluctant to accept the mantle of “ presumptive campaigner ” before all the vote was concluded, [ 130 ] while Sanders ‘ campaign stated it would continue to run and accused the media of a “ rush to judgment. ” [ 131 ] Six states held their primaries on June 7. Clinton won in California, New Jersey, New Mexico and South Dakota. Sanders won Montana and North Dakota, the latter being the only caucus contest held on that day. [ 132 ] Clinton ultimately declared victory on the evening of June 7, as the results ensured that she had won a majority of the pledged delegates and the popular vote. [ 132 ] Sanders stated he would continue to run for the Democratic Party ‘s nomination in the final primary in the District of Columbia on June 14, [ 133 ] which Clinton won. Both campaign meet at a business district Washington D.C. hotel after the primary. [ 134 ] The Sanders campaign said that they would release a video affirmation on June 16 to clarify the future of Sanders ‘ campaign ; the video recording announced that Sanders looked advancing to help Clinton defeat Trump. [ 135 ] On July 12, 2016, Sanders endorsed Clinton in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. [ 136 ]
July 2016 : National Convention and email leaks [edit ]
Email leaks [edit ]
On July 22, 2016, WikiLeaks released on-line tens of thousands of messages leaked from the e-mail accounts of seven key DNC staff. [ 137 ] Some e-mail showed two DNC staffers discussing the hypothesis that Sanders ‘ possible atheism might harm him in a general election with religious voters. Others showed a few staffers had expressed personal preferences that Clinton should become the campaigner, suggesting that the party ‘s leadership had worked to undermine Bernie Sanders ‘ presidential campaign. [ 137 ] Then-DNC professorship Debbie Wasserman Schultz called the accusations lies. [ 137 ] The fad raised over this matter escalated to Wasserman Schultz ‘s resignation ahead of the convention, [ 138 ] and that of Marshals, Dacey, and Communications Director Luis Miranda afterwards. [ 139 ] Following Wasserman Schultz ‘s resignation, then-DNC Vice Chair Donna Brazile took over as interim DNC president for the convention and remained so until February 2017. [ 140 ] In November 2017, Brazile said in her koran and associate interviews that the Clinton campaign and the DNC had colluded ‘unethically ‘ by giving the Clinton political campaign control over the DNC ‘s personnel and press releases before the basal in come back for fund to eliminate the DNC ‘s remaining debt from 2012 campaign, [ 26 ] in addition to using the DNC and state committees to funnel campaign-limitation-exceeding donations to her campaign. [ 141 ] Internal memo by and by surfaced, claiming that these measures were not meant to affect the nominate serve despite their time. [ 142 ] At the end of June 2016, it was claimed that “ more money [ from the Hillary Victory Fund ] will be moved to the state parties in the issue forth months. ” [ 143 ] Brazile late clarified that she claimed the action was ‘unethical ‘, but ‘not a criminal act ‘. [ 16 ] [ 144 ] DNC officials including chair Tom Perez pointed out that the same joint-fundraising agreement had been offered to Sanders and applied only to the general election ; however, the Clinton campaign besides had a moment agreement that granted it extra, strange oversight over rent and policy, evening though the textbook of the agreement insisted on the DNC ‘s impartiality and focus on the general election. [ 145 ] Brazile late denied that the primary was rigged, because “ no votes were overturned, ” but described herself as “ very disturb ” about a DNC–Clinton fund-raise agreement. [ 146 ] The Washington Post characterized Brazile ‘s eventual argument as : “ Clinton exerted excessively much ability but did win the nomination fairly. ” [ 147 ]
russian interest [edit ]
After the cosmopolitan election, the U.S. intelligence community and the particular Counsel investigation assessed that the leaks were share of a larger interference crusade by the russian government to cause political instability in the United States and to damage the Hillary Clinton campaign by bolstering the candidacies of Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, and Jill Stein. [ 148 ] [ 149 ] [ 150 ] [ 151 ] The russian government is alleged to have promoted Sanders beginning in 2015 as a way to weaken or defeat Clinton, who Russian President Vladimir Putin opposed. The influence campaign by the Internet Research Agency targeted Sanders voters through social media and encouraged them to vote for a third gear party candidate or abstain from voting. Sanders denounced these efforts and urged his supporters to support Clinton in the general election. [ 152 ] When news of the DNC leak first surfaced in June 2016, the russian government denied allegations of hacking. [ 153 ] WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange besides stated that the russian government was not source of the leak. [ 154 ] In July 2018, the limited advocate indicted 12 russian intelligence officers for hacking and leaking the emails. [ 155 ]
National Convention [edit ]
The 2016 democratic National Convention was held from July 25–28 at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, with some events at the Pennsylvania Convention Center. The delegates selected the democratic presidential and vice-presidential nominees and wrote the party platform. A bare majority of 2,383 delegates was needed to win the presidential nominating speech. [ 156 ] While most of the delegates were bound on the first vote according to the results of the primaries, a increasingly larger number of pledged delegates would have become unbound if the nominating speech required more than one ballot. [ 157 ] Clinton was nominated on the first vote by acclaim, although all states were allowed to announce how they would have voted under a distinctive roll call vote. On July 12, 2016, the Vermont delegates had supported Clinton in Sanders ‘ request ; asking for party integrity, he dropped out on July 26, 2016, and announced he would return to the Senate as an independent. [ 158 ]
Graphical summary of poll [edit ]
Campaign finance [edit ]
This is an overview of the money used in the political campaign as it is reported to Federal Election Commission ( FEC ) and released on April 27, 2016. Outside groups are freelancer consumption only committees—also called PACs and SuperPACs. respective such groups normally support each campaigner, but the numbers in the table are a full of all of them. This means that a group of committees can be shown as technically insolvent ( shown in bolshevik ) even though it is not the sheath of all of them. The Campaign Committee ‘s debt is shown in red if the campaign is technically insolvent. The beginning of all the numbers is OpenSecrets. [ 159 ] Some spending totals are not available, due to withdrawals before the FEC deadline .
process [edit ]
The democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses are indirect elections in which voters elect delegates to the 2016 democratic National Convention ; these delegates in act immediately elect the Democratic Party ‘s presidential campaigner. In some states, the party may disregard voters ‘ excerpt of delegates or selected delegates may vote for any campaigner at the submit or national convention ( non-binding primary or caucus ). In other states, state laws and party rules require the party to select delegates according to votes, and delegates must vote for a particular candidate ( binding primary coil or caucus ). There are 4,051 pledged delegates and 714 superdelegates in the 2016 cycle. [ 162 ] Under the party ‘s delegate survival rules, the phone number of pledge delegates allocated to each of the 50 U.S. states and Washington, D.C. is decide using a formula based on three main factors :
- The proportion of votes each state gave to the Democratic candidate in the last three presidential elections (2004, 2008, and 2012)
- The number of electoral votes each state has in the United States Electoral College.
- The stage of the primary season when they held their contest. States and territories that held their contests later are given bonus seats.
A candidate must win 2,383 delegates at the national convention, in order to win the 2016 democratic presidential nomination. [ 162 ] For the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and for Democrats Abroad, fix numbers of pledged delegates are allocated. All states and territories then must have used a proportional representation system, where their pledged delegates were awarded proportionately to the election results. [ 163 ] A candidate must receive at least 15 % of the popular vote to win pledge delegates in a state. The stream 714 unengaged superdelegates ( or “ indulgent ” delegates ) included members of the United States House of Representatives and Senate, department of state and territorial governors, members of the democratic National Committee, and other party leaders. Because of possible deaths, resignations, or the results of intervening or special elections, the final examination phone number of these superdelegates may be reduced before the convention. [ 163 ] The democratic National Committee besides imposed rules for states that wished to hold early contests in 2016. No state was permitted to hold a primary or caucus in January and only Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and Nevada were entitled to February contests. Any department of state that violated these rules were penalized half its pledged delegates and all its superdelegates to the 2016 convention. [ 163 ]
schedule and results [edit ]
The surveil are the results of candidates that won at least one department of state. These candidates were on the ballots for every state, territory and federal zone contest. The results of caucuses did not always have attached preference polls and attendance was extremely restrict. The unengaged delegate count did not always reflect the latest declared preferences .
Superdelegate endorsements [edit ]
Superdelegates are elected officials and members of the democratic National Committee who vote at the democratic National Convention for their prefer campaigner. besides known as unpledged delegates, they comprise 15 % of the convention ( 712 votes out of 4,763 ) and they may change their preference at any prison term. The mesa below reflects stream public endorsements of candidates by superdelegates, as detail and sourced in the wide list above. Because normally referenced estimates of superdelegate accompaniment, including those by CNN [ 252 ] and the AP, [ 253 ] do not identify person delegates as supporting a given candidate, their published tallies may differ from the totals computed here .
|Distinguished party leaders||Governors||Senators||Representatives||DNC members||Totals|
Note: Democrats Abroad Superdelegates are assigned half-votes ; each of them accounts for ½ preferably than 1 in the board above .
 conclude states [edit ]
States where the margin of victory was under 1 % :
- Missouri, 0.25 %
- Iowa, 0.25 %
- Kentucky, 0.42 %
States where the margin of victory was under 5 % :
- Massachusetts, 1.40 %
- Michigan, 1.42 %
- Illinois, 1.95 %
- South Dakota, 2.06 %
- New Mexico, 3.06 %
- Indiana, 4.92 %
States where the margin of victory was under 10 % :
- Nevada, 5.28 %
Read more: Events Timeline
- Connecticut, 5.38 %
- California, 6.14 %
- Montana, 7.40 %
States where the margin of victory was under 20 % :
- Oklahoma, 10.36 %
- Rhode Island, 11.63 %
- Pennsylvania, 12.08 %
- Ohio, 12.99 %
- Wisconsin, 13.54 %
- Wyoming, 13.64 %
- North Carolina, 13.64 %
- Oregon, 14.18 %
- Nebraska, 14.28 %
- Arizona, 14.90 %
- West Virginia, 15.57 %
- New York, 16.06 %
- Colorado, 18.68 %
Maps [edit ]
- Breakdown of the results in vote distribution, by state of matter
- Results of popular vote, by county
- Results in popular vote margin, by state
- Results in popular vote margin, by county
- Breakdown of the results in pledge delegates, by country
- Breakdown of the results in entire delegate count, by state
- Results in pledge delegates, by state
See besides [edit ]
Related Democratic Party articles
Notes [edit ]
- Does not include popular vote totals from Iowa, Maine, Nevada, North Dakota, Washington, Wyoming, or non-binding primaries
-  In US elections, suspending a campaign allows candidates to cease active campaign while still legally raising funds to pay off their debts .
-  The DNC denied bias, claiming to be cracking down on the non-sanctioned debates that proliferated in recent cycles, while leaving the number of officially sanctioned debates the same as in 2004 and 2008.  was shown in the emails leaking primary debate questions to the Clinton campaign before the debates were held, although a senior aide to Sanders came to Brazile’s defense and tried to downplay the issue. As far back as 2015, the shrill decrease of the debate schedule, vitamin a well as the days and times, had been criticized by multiple rivals as biased in Clinton ‘s favor.The DNC denied bias, claiming to be cracking down on the non-sanctioned debates that proliferated in recent cycles, while leaving the count of formally sanctioned debates the lapp as in 2004 and 2008. Donna Brazile, who succeeded Debbie Wasserman Schultz as DNC chair after the foremost batch of leaks, was shown in the emails leaking primary argument questions to the Clinton campaign before the debates were held, although a senior aide to Sanders came to Brazile ‘s defense and tried to downplay the emergence .
-  Several Democratic leaders responded that the joint-fundraising agreement was standard, was for the purpose of the general election, and was also offered to the Sanders campaign. However, another agreement that came to light gave the Clinton campaign powers over the DNC well before the primary was decided. Some media commentators noted that the Clinton campaign’s level of influence on staffing decisions was indeed unusual and could have ultimately influenced factors such as the debate schedule. Brazile went on to write a book about the primary and what she called “ unethical ” behavior in which the DNC ( after its debt from 2012 was resolved by the Clinton campaign ) gave the Clinton political campaign control over hirings and weigh releases, and allegedly helped it circumvent campaign finance regulation.Several democratic leaders responded that the joint-fundraising agreement was standard, was for the aim of the general election, and was besides offered to the Sanders crusade. however, another agreement that came to light gave the Clinton campaign powers over the DNC well before the elementary was decided. Some media commentators noted that the Clinton campaign ‘s level of influence on staffing decisions was indeed strange and could have ultimately determine factors such as the debate schedule .
- According to popular right to vote or pledged delegate reckon ( not counting superdelegates ) ; see below for detail .
- Pledged delegates split evenly between Sanders and Clinton .
- Hillary Clinton won the non-binding Nebraska Democratic Primary .
- Hillary Clinton won the non-binding Washington Democratic Primary .
- Open: Anyone can participate regardless of their registered party affiliation.
- Semi-open: Anyone can participate except registered Republicans.
- Semi-closed: Only registered Democrats or undeclared can participate.
- Closed: Only registered Democrats can participate.
Differences between types :
- CD: ‘Popular vote’ tallies the county delegates.
- LDD: ‘Popular vote’ tallies the legislative district delegates.
- SCD: ‘Popular vote’ tallies the state convention delegates.
- SDE: ‘Popular vote’ tallies the state delegate equivalents.
Differences between types :
unengaged delegates ( superdelegates ) are not required to voice documentation for a particular campaigner .
Pledged delegates are elected with the understanding that they will support a specific campaigner.
- One Illinois superdelegate is still committed to O’Malley. Therefore, the entire number of available delegates is one less than expected .
- There are 8 unengaged delegates from Democrats Abroad that each cast half a vote at the national convention .
- Open to all voters excluding those who caucused with the Republicans on February 20 .
- Open to all voters, though those who attend must state of matter they will identify as a Democrat for the 2016 election .