Dei Gratia Regina – Wikipedia

Phrase dedication on coins
This article is about the use of the phrase on coins. For the royal championship, see By the Grace of God Dei Gratia Regina ( much abbreviated to D. G. Regina or D. G. Reg, and seen on coins as D·G·REGINA or D·G·REG ) is a romance title meaning By the Grace of God, Queen. The male equivalent is Dei Gratia Rex meaning By the Grace of God, King. This phrase is circumscribed on the obverse of many british and canadian coins. [ 1 ] The phrase, or some version of it, has besides been used on by neologism issued in Australia, Austria, Cyprus, Spain, and, Sweden. In summation to coinage, the phrase is besides used on the obverse side of some medals in the Commonwealth kingdom.

history [edit ]

Australia [edit ]

Dei Gratia Regina on an Australian half-penny (issued 1953). The phrase was used on The phraseon an australian half-penny ( issue 1953 ). The phrase was used on australian coins until 1964. australian coins included the phrase Dei Gratia Rex or Dei Gratia Regina in some phase, including abbreviations, until 1964. With the insertion of decimal neologism in 1966, the phrase was formally dropped. [ 2 ]

Austria [edit ]

Pre-1918 coins of the austrian empire that showed the bust of the emperor or empress included the initials D. G., for the Latin Dei Gratia. [ 3 ]

Canada [edit ]

Under Queen Victoria canadian coins read Dei Gratia Regina [ 4 ] canadian coins minted from 1902 until 1910 under King Edward VII read Dei Gratia Rex Imperator or D:G Rex Imperator which is Latin for “ By the Grace of God, King and Emperor ”. [ 1 ] The Dei Gratia assign was removed temporarily from canadian neologism in 1911 and led to such a public tumult over the “ godless ” coins that it was returned to canadian neologism in the subsequent year. [ 5 ] From 1911 to 1936, under George V, it read Dei Gra:Rex Et Ind:Imp which stands for Dei Gratia Rex et Indiae Imperator which means “ By the Grace of God, King and Emperor of India ”. [ 1 ] From 1937 to 1947 under the reign of George VI, it was abbreviated D:G:Rex Et Ind:Imp or Dei Gra Rex Et Ind:Imp. From 1948 to 1952, still under George VI, after the independence of India, they read Dei Gratia Rex. [ 1 ]

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D. G. Regina on its obverse. The abbreviated phrase has been used on Canadian coins since 1965. A canadian nickel ( write out 2003 ) with the phraseon its obverse. The abbreviate give voice has been used on canadian coins since 1965. From 1953 until 1964, under Queen Elizabeth II it read Dei Gratia Regina and from 1965 onwards, it was abbreviated on all coins to the current phrase of D. G. Regina. [ 1 ] however, some commemorative coins issued under Elizabeth II do not include the phrase Dei Gratia Regina or its abbreviated version. canadian coins that do not have the give voice on its obverse include 1976 Montreal Olympics, 25¢ coins for the 2010 Vancouver Olympics, ( but not the $ 1 mint issued for the lapp games ), the 2001 10¢ coin commemorating volunteers, the 1982 $ 1 mint commemorating the patriation of the united states constitution, the 1984 Jacques Cartier commemorative dollar mint, the $ 2 coin issued in 2008 commemorating the four-hundredth anniversary of Quebec City, and the 2012 $ 2 coin commemorating the War of 1812. [ 6 ] decimal coins of Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia issued before they joined Canada besides included some variation of the phrase Dei Gratia Regina or Dei Gratia Rex .

cyprus [edit ]

Cyprus, while under british rule, included the idiom Dei Gratia Rex ( or Regina ) in some form on its coins until 1952. It was dropped after Queen Elizabeth II acceded to the toilet in 1952, when the terminology of the legend was changed from Latin to English. [ 7 ]

Jersey [edit ]

The Bailiwick of Jersey included the phrase Dei Gratia Rex ( or Regina ) Fid. Def. in some kind on its coins until 1952. It was dropped after Queen Elizabeth II acceded to the throne in 1952. [ 8 ]

Spain [edit ]

many spanish coins prior to 1937 included the spanish phrase Gracia de Dios. Those coins issued after 1937 under Franco that had his effigy included the phrase Caudillo de España por la G. de Dios. With the resumption of majority rule under a constituent monarchy after 1975 the idiom was dropped from spanish coins. [ 9 ]

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sweden [edit ]

Some coins minted during the reign of Queen Christina of Sweden bear an inscription of CHRISTINA D.G.R.S. on the obverse, and at least one 17th-century swedish argent decoration depicts Karl XI, bearing the inscription CAROLVS XI DEI GRATIA SVEC GOTH VANDAL REX ( Karl XI, with God ‘s grace, King of the Svears, Goths and Vandals ), the revoke depicting Ulrika Eleonora with the inscription VLRICA ELEONORA DEI GRATIA REGINA SVECIAE ( Ulrika Eleonora, with God ‘s grace, Queen of Sweden ). [ 10 ] Although some swedish coins continue to bear the tear of the monarch, the phrase is no longer on the coins. [ 11 ]

United Kingdom [edit ]

United Kingdom coins have for some fourth dimension included the phrase Dei Gratia Regina ( or Rex / Reg Fid Def or some form of it ). When Elizabeth II ascended to the enthrone, coins of the lebanese pound sterling initially had the phrase Dei Gratia Britanniarum Omnium Regina Fidei Defensatrix ( by the Grace of God, of all the Britains Queen, Defender of the Faith ), or some shape abbreviated human body of the idiom. Britanniarum Omnium was by and by dropped from the phrase in 1954, with no reference book to any kingdom made on coins issued after that year. soon, most coins of the pound greatest have an abbreviated version of the phrase, Dei Gra Reg Fid Def, or Dei Gra Reg F. D, circumscribed on the obverse

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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