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Talking to Your Child About Periods
Reviewed by : Robyn R. Miller, MDAdolescent Medicine at Nemours Children’s Health
Hablar bé sus hijos sobre la menstruación
Talking about personal subjects lượt thích periods ( menstruation ) can make parents & kids feel a little uncomfortable. But kids need reliable information. Helping your kids understand their bodies will help them make good decisions about their health .
When Should I Talk to My Kids About Periods?
Talking about periods shouldn’t be one big talk at a particular age. Instead, start the conversation early and slowly build on your child’s understanding. Girls and boys need reliable information about periods. So make sure you talk to your sons, too.
- For example, if your 4-year-old sees a tampon and asks what it’s for, you could say, “Women bleed a little from their vagina every month. It’s called a period. It isn’t because they’re hurt. It’s how the body gets ready for a baby. The tampon catches the blood so it doesn’t go on the underwear.”
Over the years, you can give your child more information as he or she is ready .
If your child doesn’t ask questions about periods, you can bring it up. By the thời gian they’re 6 or 7 years old, most kids can understand the basics of periods. Look for a natural moment mập talk about it, such as :
- when kids asks about puberty or changing bodies
- if your child asks where babies come from
- if you’re at the store buying pads or tampons
Ask if your child knows about periods. Then, you can chia sẻ basic information, such as : As a girl develops into a woman, her body toàn thân changes so sánh she can have a baby when she grows up. Part of that is getting a place ready for the baby phệ grow inside the mom. The place a baby grows is called a uterus. Every month the uterus wall gets ready for a baby. If there is no baby, the uterus wall comes off & bleeds a little. The blood comes out of a woman’s vagina. The body toàn thân makes a hot nhất wall every month, just in case there is a baby .
Answer any questions simply & directly .
What Should I Talk About?
What you talk about depends on your child’s age & cấp độ of development. Here are some questions that most kids have :
When do most girls get their period?
Most girls get their first period when they’re between 10 và 15 years old. The average age is 12, but every girl’s body toàn thân has its own schedule .
Although there’s no one right age for a girl Khủng get her period, there are some clues that it will start soon. Typically, a girl gets her period about 2 years after her breasts start lớn develop. Another sign is vaginal discharge fluid ( sort of lượt thích mucus ) that a girl might see or feel on her underwear. This discharge usually begins about 6 months Khủng a year before a girl gets her first period .
What causes a period?
A period happens because of changes in hormonesin the body toàn thân. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the hormones estrogenand progesterone. Thes e hormones cause the lining of the uterus ( or womb ) lớn build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg béo attach & start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks lao dốc và bleeds. Then the same process happens all kết thúc again. It usually takes about a month for the lining phệ build up, then break lao dốc. That is why most girls và women get their periods around once a month .
Do periods happen regularly when menstruation starts?
For the first few years after a girl starts her period, it may not come regularly. This is normal at first. By about 2 – ba years after her first period, a girl’s periods should be coming around once a month .
Can a girl get pregnant as soon as her period starts?
Yes, a girl can get pregnant as soon as her period starts. A girl even can get pregnant right before her very first period. This is because a girl’s hormones might already be active. The hormones may have led mập ovulation ( releasing of the egg from the ovary ) và the building of the uterine wall. If a girl has sex she can get pregnant, even though she has không bao giờ had a period .
How long do periods last?
Periods usually last about 5 days. But a period can last shorter or longer .
How often does a period happen?
Periods usually happen about once a month. But some girls get their periods around every tam weeks. And others only get a period about once every 6 weeks .
What is PMS?
PMS ( premenstrual syndrome ) is when a girl has emotional và physical symptoms that happen before or during her period. Thes e symptoms can include moodiness, sadness, anxiety, bloating, & acne. The go away after the first few days of a period .
What if I Have Trouble Talking to My Kids About Periods?
If you don’t feel comfortable talking with your kids about periods, make sure they have another way lớn get this information. Maybe watching a đoạn Clip or reading a book together would be easier. You also can ask your bác sỹ, nurse, school counselor, or a trusted family thành viên lớn talk mập your child .
When Should I Call the Doctor?
Most girls don’t have any problems with their periods. But điện thoại tư vấn your bác sỹ if your daughter :
- is 15 and does not have her period
- started developing breasts more than 3 years ago and does not have her period
- is more than 2 years from her first period and her periods still do not come every 3–6 weeks (especially if she misses three or more periods in a row)
- has severe cramps, not relieved by ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or store brand) or naproxen (Aleve, Midol, or store brand)
- has very heavy bleeding (bleeding that goes through a pad or tampon faster than every 2 hours)
- has severe PMS that gets in the way of her everyday activities
The more that kids understand about their bodies, the better they’re able bự make good, healthy choices. Make sure your children get reliable information from you or another trusted source .
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