Molefi Kete Asante – Wikipedia

American academician

Molefi Kete Asante ( ; born Arthur Lee Smith Jr. ; August 14, 1942 ) is an american professor and philosopher. He is a leave visualize in the fields of african-american studies, african studies, and communication studies. [ 1 ] He is presently professor in the Department of Africology at Temple University, [ 2 ] [ 3 ] where he founded the PhD program in african-american Studies. He is president of the united states of the Molefi Kete Asante Institute for Afrocentric Studies. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] Asante is known for his writings on Afrocentricity, a school of thinking that has influenced the fields of sociology, intercultural communication, critical hypothesis, political science, the history of Africa, and social work. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] He is the writer of more than 66 books and the establish editor program of the Journal of Black Studies. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] He is the father of generator and film maker M. K. Asante. [ 4 ]

early liveliness and education [edit ]

Asante was born Arthur Lee Smith Jr. in Valdosta, Georgia, the fourth of sixteen children. His forefather, Arthur Lee Smith, worked in a peanut warehouse and then on the Georgia Southern Railroad ; his mother worked as a domestic. [ 11 ] During the summers Asante would return to Georgia to work in the tobacco and cotton fields in holy order to earn tuition for school. An aunt, Georgia Smith, influenced him to pursue his education ; she gave him his first book, a solicitation of abruptly stories by Charles Dickens. [ 12 ] Smith attended Nashville Christian Institute, a church of Christ -founded boarding school for black students, in Nashville, Tennessee. There he earned his high school diploma in 1960. [ 12 ] While placid in high school, he became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, joining the Fisk University scholar march in Nashville. [ 13 ] After commencement, he initially enrolled in Southwestern Christian College of Terrell, Texas, another historically black initiation with Church of Christ roots. [ 12 ] There he met nigerian Essien Essien, whose character and intelligence inspired Smith to learn more about Africa. [ 14 ] Smith received his B.A. from Oklahoma Christian College ( now Oklahoma Christian University ) in 1964. He did graduate ferment, earning his master ‘s degree from Pepperdine University in 1965 with a thesis on Marshall Keeble, a black preacher in the Church of Christ. [ 15 ] Smith earned his ph from UCLA in 1968 in communication studies. He worked for a time at UCLA, becoming the director of the Center for african-american Studies. [ 11 ] At the age of 30, he was appointed by the University at Buffalo as a wax professor and head of the Department of Communication. [ 11 ] In 1976, Asante chose to make a legal diagnose change because he considered “ Arthur Lee Smith ” a slave name .

In 1972 I visited Ghana during the first of what were to be eighteen trips to Africa over the future twenty years. UCLA had graciously consented to allow me to visit Africa in my capacity as the Director of the Center for african-american Studies. When I finally reached the library at the University of Ghana, Legon, I asked the librarian whether my bible The Rhetoric of Black Revolution had reached his campus. He replied, “ Yes, but I thought the writer Arthur Smith was an Englishman. ” He could not understand how a person with an african phenotype could have an english name or so it seemed to me. however, it was a heavy meet for an african American. I vowed then and there that I would change my name. The name Arthur L. Smith, Jr., inherited from my church father, has been betrayed by the keep of my american experience. Soon thereafter I took the Sotho name Molefi, which means “ One who gives and keeps the traditions ” and the Asante final name Asante from the Twi speech. My beget was elated. ” [ 16 ]

career [edit ]

At the University at Buffalo, Asante advanced the ideas of international and intercultural communication ; he wrote and published with colleagues, Handbook of Intercultural Communication, the first book in the sphere. Asante was elected president of the Society for Intercultural Education, Training and Research in 1976. His work in intercultural communication made him a leading flight simulator of doctoral students in the field. Asante has directed more than one hundred PhD dissertations. Asante published his foremost study of the black movement, Rhetoric of Black Revolution, in 1969. subsequently, he wrote Transracial Communication, to explain how raceway complicates human interaction in american society. Soon Asante changed his focus to african-american and african culture in communication, with attention to the nature of african-american oratorical stylus. Asante wrote Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change ( 1980 ) to announce a break with the by, where African-Americans believed they were on the margins of Europe and did not have a sense of diachronic centrality. He wrote on the conflict between ashen cultural hegemony and the laden african culture, and on the lack of triumphant awareness among Africans, a theme found in his principal philosophical work, The Afrocentric Idea ( 1987 ). Additional works on Afrocentric theory included Kemet, Afrocentricity and Knowledge ( 1990 ), and An Afrocentric Manifesto ( 2007 ).

The Utne Reader identified Asante as one of the 100 leading thinkers in America, write, “ Asante is a affable, determined, and energetic cultural liberationist whose many books, including Afrocentricity and The Afrocentric Idea, articulate a herculean African-oriented pathway of think, action, and cultural assurance for black Americans. ” [ 17 ] In 1986 Asante proposed the inaugural doctoral program in african-american studies to the administration at Temple University. This program was approved, and the first class entered the doctor’s degree in 1988. More than 500 applicants had sought entrance fee to the alumnus program. Temple became known as the leader among the african-american Studies departments ; it was 10 years before the future doctoral program was introduced in this field, at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1997. Alumni from the Temple program are found in every celibate, many nations, and many direct african american Studies programs at major universities .

Honors [edit ]

  • Given the regnal name of Nana Okru Asante Peasah and the chieftaincy title of Kyidomhene of the House of Tafo, Akyem Abuakwa, Ghana (1995)
  • Given the chieftaincy title of the Wanadoo of Gao in the court of the Amiru (Paramount Chief) Hassimi Maiga of Songhai (2012)

Afrocentricity [edit ]

According to The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Historical Writing Since 1945, Asante has “ based his entire career on Afrocentricity, and continues to defend it in cattiness of strong criticisms ”. [ 18 ] In 1980 Asante published Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change, which initiated a discourse around the issue of African agency and subject place in diachronic and cultural phenomena. [ 19 ] He maintained that Africans had been moved off-center in terms on most questions of identity, culture, and history. Afrocentricity sought to place Africans at the center of their own narratives and to reclaim the teach of african-american history from where it had been marginalized by Europeans .

The combination of the european centuries gives us about four to five hundred years of solid european domination of intellectual concepts and philosophic ideas. Africa and Asia were subsumed under respective headings of the European hierarchy. If a war between the European powers occurred it was called a World War and the Asians and Africans found their room on the side of one european power or the early. There was this sense of assertiveness about european culture that advanced with Europe ‘s trade, religious, and military forces. [ 20 ]

Asante ‘s book The Afrocentric Idea was a more intellectual book about Afrocentricity than the earlier popular reserve. After the second edition of The Afrocentric Idea was released in 1998, Asante appeared as a guest on a number of television programs, including The Today Show, 60 Minutes, and the MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, to discuss his ideas. According to Asante ‘s Afrocentric Manifesto, an Afrocentric visualize requires a minimum of five characteristics : ( 1 ) an interest in a psychological location, ( 2 ) a commitment to finding the African subject position, ( 3 ) the defense of african cultural elements, ( 4 ) a commitment to lexical refining, and ( 5 ) a commitment to correct the dislocations in the history of Africa. [ 21 ] [ 22 ]

I chose the term Afrocentricity to emphasize the fact that african people had been moved off of terms for the past five hundred years. In other words, Africans were not just removed from Africa to the Americas, but Africans were separated from philosophies, languages, religions, myths, and cultures. Separations are violent and are frequently accompanied with numerous changes in individuals and groups. Finding a direction to relocate or to reorient our intelligent was necessity to the display of african cultural reality. In fact, without such a reorientation, Africans have nothing to bring to the table of world but the experiences of Europeans, those who initially moved Africans off of social, cultural, and psychological terms. [ 23 ]

Selected bibliography [edit ]

References [edit ]

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