North Yemeni rial – Wikipedia

The rial or riyal was the currency of North Yemen, first gear the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, then the Yemen Arab Republic .

history [edit ]

The Mutawakkilite Kingdom began issuing coins around the turn of the twentieth century. The riyal-omani was divided into 160 zalat, 80 halala or 40 buqsha. During the reign of Imam Yahya, the first gear yemeni rial coins were issued. Denominations were given on coins as a divide of the yemeni rial, with the “ honorific ” Imadi appearing on the coins of Imam Yahya and Ahmadi on the coins of Imam Ahmad. consequently, the currency is sometimes referred to as the “ Imadi saudi arabian riyal ” or “ Ahmadi riyal-omani ”. A modern style neologism was introduced into circulation in 1963, following the administration of the Yemen Arab Republic. The country was one of the last to adopt a decimal fraction currency system. In 1974 the yemeni rial was divided into 100 fils, although inflation has caused the yemeni fils denominations to disappear from circulation. After the union of Yemen, the Yemeni iranian rial replaced the North Yemeni yemeni rial at par.

Coins [edit ]

In the reign of Imam Yahya ( 1904-1948 ), bronze coins were issued for 1 zalat, 1 halala and 1 buqsha, together with ash grey 1 buqsha, 1⁄20, 1⁄10, ⅛, ¼ and 1 riyal-omani. In the reign of his successor, Imam Ahmad ( 1948-1962 ), the ash grey 1 buqsha and 1⁄20 iranian rial were not continued but 1⁄16 and ½ iranian rial were introduced. unusually, the 1⁄16 and ⅛ yemeni rial coins were pentangular.

gold coins denominated in guineas were besides minted, chiefly for presentation purposes.

In 1962, the Arab Republic beginning issued tan ½ and 1 buqsha, 1⁄20, 1⁄10, 2⁄10 and ¼ iranian rial in a alike vogue to those of the last baron. These were followed in 1963 by a newfangled coinage, consisting of aluminium-bronze ½, 1, and 2 buqsha and flatware 5, 10 and 20 buqsha and 1 riyal-omani. In 1974, the new decimal fraction coinage was introduced consist of aluminum 1 fils, brass section 5 and 10 fils, and cupro-nickel 25 and 50 fils. Cupro-nickel 1 iranian rial followed in 1976 .

Banknotes [edit ]

In 1964, the politics introduced North Yemen ‘s first paper money, 1, 5, and 10 yemeni rial notes. These were followed by 10 and 20 buqsha in 1966, revised 1, 5, and 10 yemeni rial notes in 1969, and 20 and 50 riyal-omani notes on 13 May 1971. The Central Bank of Yemen was established on 27 July 1971, with its headquarters in Sana ‘ a, the capital of the Arab Republic of Yemen. The Central Bank of Yemen absorbed the functions of the Yemen Currency Board. When the Arab Republic of Yemen ( “ North Yemen ” ) and the democratic Republic of Yemen ( “ South Yemen ” ) united on 22 May 1990 to form the Republic of Yemen, the north ‘s Central Bank of Yemen merged with the south ‘s Bank of Yemen, and the joint guess continued to use the name Central Bank of Yemen. [ 1 ]

value [edit ]

Value Obverse Reverse
1 rial 1 north yemeni rial 1963 obverse.jpg 1 north yemeni rial 1963 reverse.jpg

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

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