Imperative Sentence (command) | Grammar | EnglishClub

Imperative Sentence (command)

Get out.Terminator

imperative sentences are one of the four conviction types ( indicative mood, interrogative, imperative mood, exclamative ) .
imperative sentences give commands .

form function example
verb… give a command Stop!

imperative sentence = command

What is the form of an imperative sentence?

The typical form ( structure ) of an english imperative mood sentence uses the base verb with no submit. In fact, many imperative sentences consist of nothing but the verb. Look at these example structures :

Please sit here.

The final examination punctuation is normally a full-stop / period (. ) or an exclamation mark/point ( ! ).

imperative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and can refer to present or future time .

What is the function of an imperative sentence?

The usual routine ( job ) of an imperative mood conviction is to give a command or education. It tells us to do something .
count at these examples :

  • Help!
  • Go now!
  • Don’t sit there.

How do we use an imperative sentence?

Although we use imperative mood sentences to give steer commands, we can besides use them to give instructions more politely than a true instruction. Instructions like this are quite common, for exemplar in a drug user guide to explain how to operate a machine. Imperatives can besides be used with words like “ please ” or “ kindly ” to add politeness .
search at these positive and negative examples. You will notice that some of them refer to present clock, some to future time and some to both :

example context positive negative
army Shoot! Don’t move!
user guide Remove the packaging. Open the blue box and connect the two wires. Do not dispose of battery in the trash.
school Now wash your hands! Don’t forget your homework.
airplane Please remain seated until the seatbelt sign is off. Do not smoke in the toilets.
hotel Kindly help yourself to fruit. Please don’t forget your belongings.
friends Please be waiting when we arrive. Don’t be late!

FREE Podcasts 🔈 Many of these listening exercises have 🔈 Many of these listening exercises have transcripts, vocabulary notes and inclusion questions

Imperative special cases

Imperative with subject

normally when we use the imperative there is no subject because the subject is obvious—it ‘s YOU ! sometimes, however, to make the subject clear, we do use a subject, for model :

  • Everybody look!
  • Relax, everybody.
  • Nobody move!
  • John sit down; the rest of you go home.
  • Somebody answer the phone!
  • You keep out of this!

We can besides use you as the subject to imply anger, as in :

  • You watch your mouth, young man!
  • You be quiet!
  • Don’t you talk to me like that!

Unreal commands

We frequently express hope and make suggestions with the imperative mood mannequin, but these are not real commands :

  • Have a good trip. (hope)
  • Enjoy the meal. (hope)
  • If there’s no olive oil try almond oil. (suggestion)

Imperative with do

If we put do before the imperative the effect is to make requests, apologies and complaints more emphatic but besides more civilized :

  • Do take a seat. (request)
  • Do forgive me. I didn’t mean to offend you. (apology)
  • Do try to keep the noise down, gentlemen. (complaint)

Imperative with always, never, ever

The words always, never, ever come before imperatives, as in :

  • Always remember who’s boss.
  • Never speak to me like that again.
  • Don’t ever speak to me like that again.

Passive imperative

We sometimes make passive imperatives with get down, for example :

  • Get vaccinated before your holiday.

Imperative with and

We can sometimes use the imperative mood + and rather of an if-clause, for example :

  • Go now and I’ll never speak to you again. (If you go now, I’ll never speak…)

Imperative with question tag

We sometimes use these question tags after imperatives : can you ? ca n’t you ? could you ? will you ? wo n’t you ? would you ? Look at these examples :

  • Lend me a dollar, can you?
  • Help me with this, will you?
  • Keep still, won’t you?

Mini Quiz

1. Which of these sentences is in imperative form ?
Are you repose ?
You be quiet.
You are lull !
a ) Are you calm ? barn ) You be lull. degree centigrade ) You are tranquillity !
2. The imperative mood form can
give instructions
express surprise
make statements
a ) afford instructions b-complex vitamin ) express storm c ) make statements
3. imperative sentences end with
an ecphonesis mark/point
a full-stop/period
a ) an ecphonesis mark/point b-complex vitamin ) a full-stop/period c ) either

Your grudge is :

decline answers :

contributor : Josef Essberger

source :
Category : Finance

Post navigation

Leave a Comment

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *