Coins of the Bible – Money of the New Testament – For Sale from Israel

Merchants assigned standard values to goods and needed payment in precious metals. Electrum, a combination of gold and silver, was highly prized, and bull was besides seen as valuable. Metal ingot served as an early form of requital, and the shekel became a standardize weight of alloy. Abraham ’ s handmaid gave Rebekah jewelry with the weight noted. “The man took a golden nose ring weighting half a shekel, and two bracelets for her wrists weighing ten shekels of gold (Genesis 24:22).
In about 600 BC, Lydians began minting coins of electrum featuring the read/write head of a leo. In the former sixth hundred BC, the Persians began minting gold coins, known as darics. These are the first coins mentioned in the Bible, and they funded the rebuilding of the temple. “They gave for the work of the house of God five thousand talents and ten thousand darics of gold” (1 Chronicles 29:7).
During the times of the Second Temple, the Tyrian silver shekel became the entirely coin accepted for synagogue taxes in Jerusalem, which required a half-shekel per taxpayer. Since Tyrian coins were pre-measured in shekels and half-shekels, and the silver was of the highest quality, the jewish leaders must have felt compelled to ignore the fact that the coins bore the image of the hedonist god Melkart .
The Tyrian shekel may have been the mint that Peter found in the fish ’ sulfur mouth to pay the temple tax for Jesus and himself. “…go to the sea, cast in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first. And when you have opened its mouth, you will find a piece of money; take that and give it to them for Me and you” (Matthew 17:27). The chief priests payed Judas Iscariot 30 of these silver pieces to betray Jesus. “Judas Iscariot…said, ‘What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?’ And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver” (Matthew 26:14–15).

In the fourth hundred BC, the jewish people began minting their own coins : bantam silver medal coins bearing the dedication, “ Yehud, ” the Aramaic password for Judea. These coins feature an owl or an eagle and a lily .
As Alexander the Great conquered the Persian empire and greek culture spread through the know global, people in the Holy Land adopted the use of greek coins. Drachmas, the standard mint of the Greeks, equaled one quarter of a shekel. These coins typically feature the head of Hercules on the obverse and a induct name of Zeus on the rearward .
After the death of Alexander the Great, his kingdom was divided between four of his generals. The Seleucids and the Ptolemies fought for control of the Holy Land. During this time, coins featuring the portraits of Seleucid and Ptolemaic rulers came into manipulation .
In the second century BC, the Maccabees revolted against the Seleucids, and in the ensuing years, the jewish people minted their own coins once again. The original Maccabean coins feature a lily on the obverse and an anchor on the reverse. These were followed by tan prutot ( plural of prutah ) and lepton ( plural of lepton ) of John Hyrcanus I, the High Priest. These coins display duplicate horn of plenty and a pomegranate on the obverse and an inscription understand, “ Yehohana the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, ” on the inverse. A prutah equaled two lepton .
Alexander Jannaeus was the foremost Hasmonean king to mint coins bearing his own mention. These coins featured an anchor along with the words, “ King Alexander, ” on the obverse, and a star of eight rays on the inverse. These coins became wide used and were probable the coins that the widow gave to the temple treasury. “Then one poor widow came and threw in two mites, which make a quadrans. So He (Jesus) called His disciples to Himself and said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you that his poor widow has put in more than all those who have given to the treasury” (Mark 12:42–43).
John Hyrcarnus II minted coins alike to those of John Hyrcanus I, displaying double horn of plenty and an inscription. The coins of Mattathias Antigonus feature an auricle of barley between a double horn of plenty. His coins besides depicted the vessels of the Jerusalem synagogue. In the first century BC, Rome took control of the Holy Land, so far the habit of Hasmonean coins continued well into the foremost century AD. This may be due to jewish patriotism, an act of defiance against Rome, or the result of religious reform .
augustus, who late became known as Caesar Augustus, defeated Mark Antony and became the first rule of the Roman Empire in 31 BC. Silver denarii ( plural of denarius ) were minted bearing his portrait, as were silver tetradrachm ( the equivalent of a shekel ) and smaller bronze coins. Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem during the predominate of Caesar Augustus. “ And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the global should be registered ” ( Luke 2:1 ).

The Roman ash grey denarius equaled a day ’ s wages. The Pharisees asked Jesus about paying taxes to Caesar. Jesus answered, “‘Show me the tax money.’ So they brought him a denarius. And He said to them, ‘Whose image and inscription is this?’ They said to him, ‘Caesar’s’” (Matthew 22:19–21). The Roman drachma features in the report of the charwoman with the lost coin. “Or what woman, having ten drachmas, if she loses one drachma, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and search carefully until she finds it?” (Luke 15:8).
While Caesar Augustus ruled in Rome, Herod I, late known as Herod the Great, ruled as the Roman-appointed King of Judea. Herod ’ south coins featured a wide variety of emblems including tripods, prows, caduceus, pomegranates, shields, helmets, palm branches, eagles, anchors, and horn of plenty. Although they bore his autograph mention, the coins did not display the trope of Herod, likely to avoid offending the jewish people .
Following the death of Herod I, his kingdom was divided between three of his sons, Herod Archaelaus, Herod Antipas, and Herod Philip I. meanwhile, a series of Roman Procurators ruled in Judea. The ones known to have minted coins include Coponius, Marcus Ambiuius, Valerius Gratus, Pontius Pilate, Antonius Felix, and Porcius Festus .
Of these, Pontius Pilate is likely the most well-know, for he was the one responsible for condemning Jesus Christ to crucifixion. Pilate issued two types of coins : a tan prutah, displaying three ears of barley on the obverse and a libation ladle on the reverse ; and a bronze prutah featuring an bode ’ s wand surrounded by Tiberius Caesar ’ randomness name on the obverse, and a date indicating the year of Tiberius Caesar ’ s reign on the reverse. “The Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” (John 18:33).
A touch is a identical small and thin mint, and the hapless widow only had two of these to live murder of. Yet she chose to give everything she had and hope God to provide for her .
In Matthew 22:21 the Pharisees try to trick Jesus by asking if they should pay taxes to Caesar .
Jesus has them bring him a mint and says “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”

Coins of the Bible all come with a certificate of authenticity from the Israel Antiquities Authority ( IAA ) .
Shipped to you direct from the Holy Land .
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