On November 17, 1777, Congress submitted the Articles to the states for immediate circumstance. Two days earlier, the Second Continental Congress approved the document, after a year of debates. The british capture of Philadelphia besides forced the issue .
The Articles formed a war-time alliance of states, with an highly limited central government. The text file made official some of the procedures used by the Congress to conduct clientele, but many of the delegates realized the Articles had limitations .
here is a flying list of the problems that occurred, and how these issues led to our current Constitution.
1. The states didn’t act immediately. It took until February 1779 for 12 states to approve the document. Maryland held out until March 1781, after it settled a land argument with Virginia .
2. The central government was designed to be very, very weak. The Articles established “ the United States of America ” as a ceaseless union formed to defend the states as a group, but it provided few central powers beyond that. But it didn ’ t have an executive official or discriminative arm .
3. The Articles Congress only had one chamber and each state had one vote. This reinforced the ability of the states to operate independently from the central government, even when that wasn ’ t in the nation ’ sulfur best interests .
4. Congress needed 9 of 13 states to pass any laws. Requiring this high supermajority made it very difficult to pass any legislation that would affect all 13 states .
5. The document was practically impossible to amend. The Articles required solid consent to any amendment, so all 13 states would need to agree on a change. Given the rivalries between the states, that predominate made the Articles impossible to adapt after the war ended with Britain in 1783.
6. The central government couldn’t collect taxes to fund its operations. The Confederation relied on the voluntary efforts of the states to send tax money to the central politics. Lacking funds, the cardinal government couldn ’ metric ton maintain an effective military or back its own composition currentness .
7. States were able to conduct their own foreign policies. technically, that role fell to the cardinal government, but the Confederation government didn ’ t have the physical ability to enforce that power, since it lacked domestic and international powers and standing .
8. States had their own money systems. There wasn ’ thyroxine a coarse currency in the Confederation era. The cardinal politics and the states each had classify money, which made trade between the states, and other countries, extremely unmanageable .
9. The Confederation government couldn’t help settle Revolutionary War-era debts. The central government and the states owed huge debts to european countries and investors. Without the power to tax, and with no might to make trade between the states and other countries viable, the United States was in an economic mess by 1787.
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10. Shays’ rebellion – the final straw. A tax protest by westerly Massachusetts farmers in 1786 and 1787 showed the cardinal government couldn ’ thymine put down an internal rebellion. It had to rely on a state militia sponsored by individual Boston business people. With no money, the cardinal politics could n’t act to protect the “ ceaseless union. ”
These events alarmed Founders like George Washington, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton to the point where delegates from five states met at Annapolis, Maryland in September 1786 to discuss changing the Articles of Confederation .
The group included Madison, Hamilton and John Dickinson, and it recommended that a meet of all 13 states be held the succeed May in Philadelphia. The Confederation Congress agreed and the Constitutional Convention of 1787 efficaciously ended the era of the Articles of Confederation .